MONITORING PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
The monitoring of programs is directed at two key questions: (1) whether or not the program is reaching the appropriate target population, and (2) whether or not the delivery of services is consistent with program design specifications. There are several reasons monitoring of programs is required. First, monitoring of programs usually is needed for accountability purposes -- program management and sponsors seek information continually on the question: "Who is getting what and how?" Second, monitoring evaluations generally are a necessary adjunct to impact assessments, since the failure of programs often is due to faulty or non-implementation of interventions rather than ineffectiveness of the treatments ( Rossi and Wright, 1977). The literature is repleat with admonitions that attention be paid to implementation issues in program evaluation ( Bernstein and Freeman, 1975; Williams and Elmore, 1976). Third, monitoring information may be the sole basis or a supplement to impact assessments for deciding whether to continue ongoing programs ( Ciarlo, 1977; Roos et al., 1978).