ABOLITION OF CHILD LABOR
"The abolition of child labor and the imposition of such limitations on the labour of young persons as shall permit the continuation of their education and assure their proper physical development." (Treaty of Peace: Article 427, 6.)
Children under fourteen shall not be employed in agriculture during hours fixed for school attendance ( 1921 convention), nor in industrial undertakings ( 1919 convention), nor on ships ( 1920 convention). Every employer in an industrial undertaking must keep a register of all persons under sixteen employed by him and of the dates of their births ( 1919 convention). Children under fourteen engaged in agricultural night work must be allowed at least ten consecutive hours' rest and young persons between fourteen and eighteen at least nine consecutive hours ( 1921 recommendation). In industrial undertakings young persons under eighteen shall not be employed during the night except that in continuous processes those over sixteen may be employed ( 1919 convention). Young persons under eighteen shall be excluded from employment in certain specified processes involving the use of white lead and may be employed in processes involving the use of lead compounds only under certain conditions ( 1919 recommendation). The employment of males under eighteen and of all females is prohibited in painting work of an industrial character involving the use of white lead ( 1921 convention). Employment of young persons under eighteen on ships is conditioned on an annual medical certificate of fitness ( 1921 convention) and with certain exceptions they must not be employed as trimmers or stokers on vessels ( 1921 convention).
The first child-labor legislation of Canada was passed in Nova Scotia in 1873, when the employment of boys under ten years in mines was prohibited and the hours of work for boys of ten and under twelve years were limited to ten for the day and sixty for the week. Now British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and Saskatchewan have prohibited the employment of women and girls in mines and these