FAIR TREATMENT OF THE ALIEN
"The standard set by law in each country with respect to the conditions of labour should have due regard to the equitable economic treatment of all workers lawfully resident therein." (Treaty of Peace: Article 427, 8.)
"Foreign workers and their families shall enjoy the same protective legislation as native workers ( 1919 recommendation). Members having systems of unemployment insurance shall arrange that workers in the territory of another member shall receive the same rates of unemployment benefit as native workers ( 1919 convention). Members shall also grant foreign workers the same treatment in respect of workmen's compensation as is accorded to their own nationals ( 1925 convention and recommendation)."
AT several points Canadian labor law denies the alien the treatment accorded the native workman. The legislation may be treated under four heads: (1) exclusion from employment on public works and public utilities, (2) exclusion from employment in mines, (3) differential treatment in workmen's compensation, and (4) prohibition of employment of white women by Orientals.
The British Columbia and Ontario legislatures have passed laws restricting the employment of aliens on public works. British Columbia has sought by legislation, much of which has been declared ultra vires, to exclude Oriental workers from employment in mines; and Saskatchewan, following the early mining law of the Northwest Territories, has rendered the employment of aliens in mines difficult by excluding non-English-speaking persons from positions of