ENFORCEMENT OF LABOR LAWS
"Each State should make provision for a system of inspection in which women should take part, in order to insure the enforcement of the laws and regulations for the protection of the employed." (Treaty of Peace: Article 427,9.)
A health service for the workers should also be established ( 1919 recommendation). In the organization of such a system the general principles outlined in the recommendation of the 1923 Conference1 should be observed.
IN pre-Confederation times laws were enacted for the inspection of pearl, potash, salt pork, flour, etc., but inspection of private business in the interest of the employed was a later development, a necessary concomitant of the mines and factories acts.
The machinery for the enforcement of labor laws has reached a considerable development since the beginning of the century and especially in the two most important industrial provinces, Ontario and Quebec. The Dominion Government and all the provinces now have departments or bureaus of labor except Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, and of these Nova Scotia has inspection for factories and mines. Ontario established a Bureau of Labor in 1900, which was made the Trades and Labor Branch in 1916 and the Department of Labor in 1919. The New Brunswick Bureau of Labor was established in 1904 and the Manitoba Bureau in 1915. The British Columbia Department of Labor was organized in 1917 and a Deputy Min-____________________