LAWRENCE FREEDMAN is Professor and Head of the Department of War Studies, King's College, London. He has held research positions at Nuffield College, Oxford, and at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and was Head of Policy Studies at the Royal Institute for International Affairs. He is the author of many books, including Britain and Nuclear Weapons ( 1981), The Atlas of Global Strategy ( 1985), Britain and the Falklands War ( 1988), Signals of War ( 1990), and (with Efraim Karsh) The Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order ( 1993).
WILLIAM HOPKINSON is a civil servant in the UK Ministry of Defence. As head of the Ministry' Defence Arms Control Unit until 1990, he had a central role in the negotiation of the CFE agreement. His contribution to this volume was written during a sabbatical year as a Visiting Fellow in Cambridge University' Global Security Programs, during which he also produced a monograph entitled Changing Options: British Defence and Global Security ( 1992).
EFRAIM KARSH is Reader at the Department of War Studies, King's College, London. He has held teaching and/or research posts at Columbia University, the International Institute for Strategic Studies ( London), the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies ( Washington, DC), and the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies ( Tel Aviv). His many publications include The Iran-Iraq War: A Military Analysis ( 1987), Neutrality and Small States ( 1988), The Soviet Union and Syria ( 1988), Soviet Policy towards Syria since 1970 ( 1991), Saddam Hussein: A Political Biography ( 1991), (with Lawrence Freedman) The Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order ( 1993).
GEOFFREY KEMP is a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He served in the White House on the National Security Council Staff from 1981 to 1984 and was Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs. His most recent publications include The Control of the Middle East Arms Race ( 1991).
MARTIN NAVIAS is a lecturer in the Department of War Studies, King's College, London, where he specializes in proliferation issues and the international arms trade. His previous publications include Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955-1958 ( 1991) and Ballistic Missile Proliferation in the Third World ( Adelphi Papers, 252; summer