Non-Conventional-Weapons Proliferation in the Middle East: Tackling the Spread of Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Capabilities

By Efraim Karsh; Martin S. Navias et al. | Go to book overview

the small Nahel Soreq research reactor, which has never been linked to Israel's nuclear-weapons programme. Algeria's intended use of the Ain Oussera reactor is more problematic, however. If the IAEA establishes the precedent of vigorous implementation of its special inspection rights in NPT states and strengthens its ties to the Security Council to enforce these rights, these steps will undoubtedly enhance the value of its safeguards as a deterrent against cheating at inspected installations--such as the Ain Oussera facility--in non-NPT countries. Thus, except in the notable case of Israel, the impending improvement of IAEA monitoring could have an important impact throughout the region.

To be effective, special inspections ultimately depend on accurate intelligence concerning undeclared nuclear activities. In Iraq, such intelligence was lacking, and, even if the IAEA had been prepared to demand a special inspection, it would not have known where to look, in many cases. The failure of US intelligence to detect the construction of the Ain Oussera reactor for a number of years is also cause for concern. With the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the United States has greatly increased its commitment of intelligence resources to the issue of proliferation, which may go far towards addressing this problem.

The particulars of the special-inspection regime also deserve close scrutiny. If the threshold of proof for initiating a special inspection is too high, the technique may prove unusable as a practical matter. It is also important that the time between the demand for a special inspection and the arrival of inspectors at the target site be sufficiently short to prevent practices of the type Iraq repeatedly employed to deceive the UN-IAEA inspection teams operating under Resolution 687.

In sum, IAEA safeguards are being significantly improved and could have an important restraining impact on a number of Middle Eastern nuclear programmes of proliferation concern.


CONCLUSION

Although it is highly probable that Israel will retain its nuclear monopoly for much, if not all, of the 1990s, the nuclear map of the Middle East is changing dramatically. Developments in Iran, Syria, and Algeria leave no doubt that the nuclear aspirations of other regional states are intensifying, and concerns remain about a

-158-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Non-Conventional-Weapons Proliferation in the Middle East: Tackling the Spread of Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Capabilities
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 302

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.