Pathways through Adolescence: Individual Development in Relation to Social Contexts

By Lisa J. Crockett; Ann C. Crouter | Go to book overview

turning points and in the settings the person enters subsequently. It requires examining the chain of events, or "series of contingencies" ( Rutter, 1989), that build on each other in the developmental process, producing distinctive life paths. For example, attending poor schools appears to affect later job success indirectly -- by leading to poor school attendance, which, in turn, increases the probability of early school leaving and a failure to acquire key academic credentials. The lack of academic credentials then increases the probability of erratic employment and of working in unskilled jobs ( Gray, Smith, & Rutter, 1980). Such findings suggest that, in order to understand developmental pathways, the sequence of "key decisions" needs to be identified for groups of individuals, and the contingencies operating between them need to be elucidated. Although it may be useful to focus initially on small segments of time, examining the processes operating at particular turning points, ultimately the task is to place these smaller segments into the broader context of the adolescents' emerging life course.


REFERENCES

Bandura A. ( 1982). "The psychology of chance encounters and life paths". American Psychologist, 37, 747-755.

Bronfenbrenner U. ( 1989, April). The developing ecology of human development: Paradigm lost or paradigm regained? Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Kansas City, MO.

Caspi A., Bem D. J., & Elder G. H., Jr. ( 1989). "Continuities and consequences of interactional styles across the life course". Journal of Personality, 57, 375-406.

Clasen D. R., & Brown B. B. ( 1985). "The multidimensionality of peer pressure in adolescence". Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 451-468.

Dunn J., & Plomin R. ( 1990). Separate lives: Why siblings are so different. New York: Basic Books.

Eccles J. S., Midgley C., Wigfield A., Buchanan C. M., Reuman D., Flanagan C., & Maclver D. ( 1993). "The impact of stage-environment fit on young adolescents' experiences in schools and families". American Psychologist, 48, 90-101.

Eckert P. ( 1989). Jocks and burnouts: Social categories and identity in the high school. New York: Teachers College Press.

Gray G., Smith A., & Rutter M. ( 1980). "School attendance and the first year of employment". In L. Hersov & I. Berg (Eds.), Out of school: Modern perspectives in truancy and school refusal (pp. 343-370). Chichester, England: Wiley.

Hogan D. P., & Astone N. M. ( 1986). "The transition to adulthood". Annual Review of Sociology, 12, 109-130.

Kagan J., Kearsley R. B., & Zelazo P. R. ( 1978). Infancy: Its place in human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Magnusson D. ( 1988). Individual development from an interactional perspective: A longitudinal study. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Magnusson D. ( 1990). "Personality development from an interactional perspective". In L. A. Pervin (Ed.), Handbook of personality theory and research (pp. 193-222). New York: Guilford.

Random House ( 1973). College dictionary. L. Urdang (Ed. in Chief). New York: Random House.

-83-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Pathways through Adolescence: Individual Development in Relation to Social Contexts
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 273

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.