Emotional Development in Atypical Children

By Michael Lewis; Margaret Wolan Sullivan | Go to book overview

6
Expression and Understanding of Emotion in Atypical Development: Autism and Down Syndrome

Connie Kasari Marion Sigman

University of California, Los Angeles

Emotional expressions serve an integral role in communication. Facial expressions communicate to others particular feeling states. These communicated feeling states, in turn, influence others to respond. For example, mothers are motivated to respond differentially to positive versus negative facial expressions of their infants ( Huebner & Izard, 1988; Malatesta & Haviland, 1982). Even children modify their behavior in response to other's expressions ( Izard & Malatesta, 1987). Thus, facial expressions of emotion can have a potent effect on the behavior of others.

A disruption in this emotional signaling system can have a deleterious effect on social interactions. This effect is dramatically illustrated by children whose emotional expressions are delayed or different. For example, a delay in the onset of infant smiling may cause the mother to interact less with her child (Field, 1980). Deviance in expressive behavior (e.g., expressions that do not fit the situation) can seriously hamper the caregiver's ability to "read" the child's expressions ( Goldberg, 1977). Thus, both delay and deviance in expressive behavior may directly affect the interactive behavior of the social partner with possible long-term, cumulative effects.

Disruptions in the signaling system may also result in indirect influences on social interactions. The infant who does not smile within the expected

-109-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Emotional Development in Atypical Children
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 286

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.