Buss A. H. ( 1984). "A conception of shyness". In J. A. Daly & J. C. McCroskcy (Eds.), Avoiding communication: Shyness, reticence and communication apprehension. London: Sage.
Cooley C. H. ( 1962). Social organization: A study of the larger mind. New York: Schocken. (Original work published 1909)
Coplan R. J., Rubin K. H., Fox N. A., Calkins S. D., & Stewart S. ( 1994). "Being alone, playing alone and acting alone: Distinguishing reticence and passive and active solitude in young children". Child Development, 65, 129-137.
Crozier W. R., & Burnham M. ( 1990). "Age-related differences in children's understanding of shyness". British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 179- 185.
Eder R. A. ( 1989). "The emergent personologist: The structure and content of 3 ½-, 5 ½-, and 7 ½-year olds' concepts of themselves and other persons." Child Development, 60, 1218-1228.
Eder R. A. ( 1990). "Uncovering young children's psychological selves: Individual and developmental differences". Child Development, 60, 849-863.
Guardo C. J., & Bohan J. B. ( 1971) "Development of sense of self-identity in children. Child Development", 42, 1909-1921
Harter S. ( 1983). "Developmental perspectives on the self-system". In P. H. Mussen (Series Ed.) & E. M. Hetherington (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology 4: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.
Hymel S., Franke S., & Friegang R. ( 1985). "Peer relationships and their dysfunction: Considering the child's perspective". Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 3(4), 405-415.
Kagan J., Reznick J. S., Snidman N., Gibbons J., & Johnson M. ( 1988). "Childhood derivatives of inhibition and lack of inhibition to the unfamiliar". Child Development, 59, 1580-1589.
Lewis M. ( 1992). Shame: The exposed self. New York: The Free Press.
Mahler M. S., Pine F.) & Bergman A. ( 1975). The psychological birth of the infant. New York: Basic Books.
Mead G. H. ( 1972). Mind, self, and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1934)
Miller P. H., & Aloise P. A. ( 1989). "Young children's understanding of the psychological causes of behavior: A review." Child Development, 60, 257-285.
Moskowitz D. S., & Schwartzman A. E. ( 1989). "Painting group portraits: Studying life outcomes for aggressive and withdrawn children." Journal of Personality, 57(4), 723-743.
Perry D. G., & Bussey K. ( 1984). Social development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Piaget J. ( 1954). The construction of reality in the child ( M. Cook, Trans.). New York: Basic Books. (Original work published 1937)
Rholes W. S., & Ruble D. N. ( 1984). "Children's understanding of dispositional characteristics of others". Child Development, 55, 550-560.
Rosenberg M. ( 1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books.
Ross M. ( 1989). "Relation of implicit theories to the construction of personal histories". Psychological Review, 96, 341-357.