The Environment and Mental Health: A Guide for Clinicians

By Ante Lundberg | Go to book overview


Chapter 10 Psychosocial Effects of Urban Environments, Noise, and Crowding

Hugh L. Freeman Green College, Oxford, United Kingdom Stephen A. Stansfeld University College London Medical School

The relationship of physical health to the structural environment is reasonably well understood in terms of water supply, sewage disposal, protection from weather, and so on. But the complex and interrelated causes of the psychological and social pathologies that seem increasingly to plague urban areas have yet to be fully identified.


DEFINITIONS OF SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT AND MENTAL HEALTH

The social environment has been defined as consisting of "the norms, values, customs, fashions, habits (which might include work), prejudices, and beliefs of a society" ( Burke, 1990). Although these vary enormously from one society to another, "in each one, their profile will be more or less supportive of health. They are modulated through the mass media . . . and institutionalized in the family, the community (which may be defined ethnically as well as geographically) and the nation" ( Burke, 1990).

Mental health can be defined in innumerable ways -- most of them too vague or too idealized to be of much value. Practical scientific considerations, however, require it to be used primarily in terms of emotional symptoms such as anxiety or depression that people report; if environmental changes in an area resulted in significant reductions in the levels of these

-147-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Environment and Mental Health: A Guide for Clinicians
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 233

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.