Campaigns and Parties In the Senate
An important difference between Republican and Democratic Party leaders is that Democrats are relatively undisturbed by-and often seem to thrive on-the ad hocness of politics. Republicans embrace order; they try to impress it on the anarchy of politics. Democrats resist order or accept it only as a last resort.
-- Cornelius Cotter and Bernard Hennessy, 1964
Like their counterparts in the House of Representatives, Democratic and Republican Party leaders in the Senate have shepherded their campaign committees through dramatic transformations since World War II. As in the House, close linkages to their respective party caucuses have kept the Senate committees focused on the simple goal of majority status and control of the chamber. Each committee's practical mission is to help incumbents win reelection and to help challengers and openseat candidates in whatever way they can. After the campaign-centered electoral order unfolded in the 1950s and 1960s, Senate Democrats and Republicans gradually embraced the Accommodationist paradigm.
Despite these similarities, the Senate committees differ from their House counterparts in several ways. They are younger, for one thing: the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) was created shortly after popular election of senators was amended into the Constitution in 1913, and the Republicans responded by creating the National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC). 1 Senate campaigns also work on a different scale: senators represent entire states and thus must appeal to larger and more diverse constituencies. As a result, Senate candidates more quickly recognized the emergence of the campaign-centered electoral order, and both Democratic and Republican Senate leaders pressed the campaign