Contesting Markets: Analyses of Ideology, Discourse and Practice

By Roy Dilly | Go to book overview
preneurial competition rather undermine the empirical basis of Kirzner's model.
13.
Kirzner might argue that in acting thus the Gypsies are in effect establishing firms which protect them from the effects of competition and thus cease to be entrepreneurs. The question would then be whether there are any 'pure entrepreneurs' in the real world who trade on markets without the aid of associations which impinge on their competitiveness.
14.
A favoured illustration of the bizarre symbolic practices to which our notion of a disembedded, asocial market economy leads lies in the basement of the London School of Economics where a large piece of hydraulic machinery was built to model a phantasmagoric image of a sealed British economy. In the early heady days of British monetarism as a salutary example of corporate sponsorship a Japanese foundation paid for the model to be restored into full working life. Unsurprisingly, sceptics might say, the model shortly sprang a leak, leaving disconcerting puddles under sections marked credit and money supply. Debate then raged in the Senior Common Room as to the state in which the machine provided a more accurate representation of the British economy: rusting, effortlessly functioning or plain bust.
15.
It is thus not surprising that Kirzner for example is interested in 'perception' and thereby imagination and creativity (see Kirzner 1979), nor that his work has provoked discussion about the contexts in which entrepreneurial activity is encouraged ( Kirzner 1980).

REFERENCES

Agnew J. C. 1986. Worlds Apart. The Market and the Theater in Anglo-American Thought. 1550-1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander J. and P. Alexander. 1991. "'What's a Fair Price? Price-Setting and Trading Partnerships in Javanese Markets'", Man, 26( 3):493-512.

Dalton G. and P. Bohannon, 1962. Markets in Africa. Evanstone: Northwestern University Press.

Doman I. 1984. A Szarvasi Cigányok [The Gypsies of Nagykörös]. Kecskemét, Petofi.

Fel E. and T. Hofer, 1961. "'Az átányai gazdálkodás ágai'" Néprajzi Közlemények, 6 ( 2): 1- 220.

Fel E. and T. Hofer, 1969. Proper Peasants. Traditional Life in a Hungarian Village. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology, No. 46. Chicago: Aldine.

Geertz C. 1960. The Religion of Java. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Geertz C. 1979. "'Suq: the bazaar economy in Sefrou'", in C. Geertz et al, (eds.), Meaning and Order in Moroccan Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gudeman S. 1986. Economics as Culture: models and metaphor of livelihood. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Gregory C. 1980. "'Gifts to Men and Gifts to God: Gift Exchange and Capital Accumulation in Contemporary Papua'". Man, 15 ( 4): 626-52.

Hann C. 1980. Tázlár. A Village in Hungary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hart K. 1975. "'Swindler or Public Benefactor? -- The Entrepreneur in his Community'", in J. Goody, (ed.), Changing Social Structure in Ghana, London: International African Institute.

Hayek F. A. 1945. "'The Uses of Knowledge in Society'", American Economic Review, 35 (September): 519-30.

Hollos M. and B. Maday (eds.), 1983. New Hungarian Peasants: An East Central European Experience with Collectivisation. East European Monographs Series, no. 134. New York: Brooklyn College Press.

Kirzner I. 1973. Competition and Entrepreneurship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

-113-

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