Contesting Markets: Analyses of Ideology, Discourse and Practice

By Roy Dilly | Go to book overview

of a market? Or is it -- and I would conclude this way -- that most market behaviour is a dialectical mix of the two, just as most markets are a blend of competition and monopoly. Alexander's study of Javanese markets, in which profits are made both by posting prices and by testing the waters, might persuade one of this last conclusion.


NOTES
1.
In his more recent studies even John Elster has become disillusioned with the 'power of reason' and has turned to the relation between rational choice and independently given social obligations. See, for example, The Cement of Society ( 1989).
2.
See, for example, Kornai, Anti-equilibrium ( 1972).
3.
For example, the book begins, 'How selfish soever man may be supposed, there are evidently some principles in his nature, which interest him in the fortune of others, and render their happiness necessary to him though he derives nothing from it except the pleasure of seeing it' ( Smith 1976[ 1759]:9). This principle of human altruism is exactly the reverse of Smith's now famous dictum that we secure our food and drink not from the benevolence but from the self-interest of the baker, the butcher and the brewer ( Smith 1976[ 1776]:18).
4.
The imperialism of economists is well known, and though it seems to be an odd position for anthropologists to adopt, it has been a dominant feature of formalist writings in economic anthropology ( Nash 1961; Plattner 1989a).
5.
The English version of The Theory of Economic Development was published in 1934, but Schumpeter traced the beginnings of the work to 1907; the first German edition was published in 1911.

REFERENCES

Aristotle. 1926. The Nicomachean Ethics, (trans. H. Rackham). London: Heinemann.

Aristotle. 1942. The Politics, (trans. Ernest Barker). London: Oxford University Press.

Bentham J. 1791. Panopticon. London: T. Payne.

Bohannan P. and G. Dalton, (eds), 1965. Markets in Africa. Garden City: Anchor Books.

Chamberlin E. H. 1933. The Theory of Monopolistic Competition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Diderot D. 1751. "'Art'", Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Artes et des Métiers, (ed. Diderot and D'Alembert). 1:713-17. Paris: Briasson, David, Le Breton, Durand.

Diderot D. 1965. "'Art'", Encyclopedia: selections, (trans. Nelly S. Hoyt and T. Cassirer). Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Elster J. 1989. The Cement of Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Artes et des Métiers, (ed. Diderot and D'Alembert). Paris: Briasson, David, Le Breton, Durand.

Geertz C. 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.

Geertz C. 1979. Meaning and Order in Moroccan Society ( C. Geertz, H. Geertz and L Rosen ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gell A. 1982. "'The Market Wheel: Symbolic Aspects of an Indian Tribal Market'", Man, 17( 3): 470-91.

Gudeman S. 1986. Economics as Culture: models and metaphors of livelihood. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Gudeman S. 1992. "'Remodeling the House of Economics: culture and innovation'", American Ethnologist, 19( 1): 139-52.

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