Anna Heilman and Rose Meth
In March 1943 Estusia approached me. She told me that resistance was being organized and we were in a position to help because we were the only ones who had access to powder. Would I be willing to risk the danger of being caught? Of course, I agreed right away because it gave me a way to fight back.
Gisi Fleischmann, Haika Grossman, Rozka Korczak-Marle, Zivia Lubetkin, Franceska Mann, Vladka Meed, Mala Zimetbaum. None of their names are as well known as Anne Frank's. But they deserve to be well known because each of these women, and many more, valiantly resisted the "Final Solution." Until she was captured and gassed Auschwitz, Fleischmann helped run an underground railroad that got Jews out of Poland. Grossman was a resistance fighter in Bialystok; Korczak-Marle organized partisans in Vilna; Lubetkin and Meed were leaders in the Warsaw ghetto uprising. Franceska Mann shot SS men in an Auschwitz-- Birkenau crematorium before she lost her life, and Mala Zimetbaum was the first woman to escape from Auschwitz. She was caught at the Slovakian border, returned to Auschwitz, and sentenced to be hanged. Her suicidal defiance at the gallows--it prevented the Germans from carrying out the sentence--became legendary in the camp.
Such acts of resistance did not crush the Third Reich. It took massive military power to do that. But physical resistance was crucial nonetheless, for, as Rose Meth