Different Voices: Women and the Holocaust

By Carol Rittner; John K. Roth | Go to book overview

Glossary
Aktion (also Action; Round-up): Raid against the Jews, often in a ghetto; the primary purpose was to gather victims for deportation to the Nazi concentration and extermination camps.
AK:Armia Krajowa, or Polish Home Army.
Appell (also Zählappell): Roll call in the camps.
Arbeitführers: Work leaders.
Aryan: The original purpose of the term was to designate and classify an Indo- European language group. The Nazis used the term to mean a superior, white Nordic heroic race, but, in fact, the term has no biological validity as a racial term.
Aufseherin: Work supervisor.
Blockälteste (f.), Blockältester (m.), Blockältesten (pl.): The barracks supervisor; a male or female prisoner functionary who was responsible for the prisoners in his/her barracks during roll call, for the distribution of food to inmates, and for order in the barracks.
Blocksperre: A curfew during which prisoners were not permitted to leave their barracks.
Blokowa (also Blokhova): Female supervisor of a block of barracks in a Nazi concentration or extermination camp. Sztubowa were assistants to the blokowas.
Boit'l: A small sack or packet; something similar to a pocket.
Canada (also Kanada): The depot where the personal effects stolen from the inmates were stored. It was called "Canada" because to the prisoners Canada represented unlimited abundance. Initially the goods were stored in five barracks; ultimately there were thirty such barracks.
Capo (also Kapo): A male or female prisoner functionary appointed by the SS; chief of a work battalion or some other branch of a concentration camp such as a kitchen or "hospital." Capos often were drawn from the criminals among the camp inmates.

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Different Voices: Women and the Holocaust
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • ALSO BY CAROL RITTNER AND JOHN K. ROTH ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps and Photographs ix
  • Preface xi
  • Prologue Women and the Holocaust 1
  • General Suggestions for Further Reading 20
  • Chronology 22
  • Part One Voices of Experience 35
  • Notes 39
  • 1: Ida Fink 40
  • 2: Etty Hillesum 46
  • Notes 57
  • 3: Charlotte Delbo 58
  • 4: Isabella Leitner 65
  • 5: Olga Lengyel 69
  • 6: Livia E. Bitton Jackson 73
  • 7: Pelagia Lewinska 84
  • 8: Charlotte Delbo 99
  • 9: Gisella Perl 104
  • 10: Olga Lengyel 119
  • 11: Anna Heilman and Rose Meth 130
  • Notes 134
  • Notes 141
  • 12: Sara Nomberg-Przytyk 143
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 149
  • Part Two Voices of Interpretation 155
  • Notes 159
  • 13: Gisela Bock 161
  • Notes 179
  • 14: Marion A. Kaplan 187
  • Notes 207
  • 15: Sybil Milton 213
  • Notes 237
  • 16: Vera Laska 250
  • Notes 267
  • 17: Gitta Sereny 270
  • Preface 271
  • 18: Claudia Koonz 287
  • Notes 304
  • 19: Magda Trocmeé 309
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 317
  • Part Three Voices of Reflection 319
  • Notes 323
  • 20: Irena Klepfisz 324
  • 21: Charlotte Delbo 328
  • 22: Ida Fink 332
  • 23: Deborah E. Lipstadt 349
  • 24: Mary Jo Leddy 355
  • 25: Rachel Altman 363
  • Notes 372
  • 26: Joan Ringelheim 373
  • Notes 400
  • Appendices 406
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 419
  • Epilogue - Different Voices 421
  • Notes 426
  • Glossary 427
  • Index 431
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