SOCIAL SCIENCE AND SOCIAL GUIDANCE
Functional Social Science . We come now to close this study of man's quest for social guidance with a brief reëmphasis upon the social sciences and with an inquiry into their total relation to society and its progress. What can the social sciences contribute to social value and social direction? What are the prospects for realizing their maximum objectives? What is their relation to the history, understanding, and control of man's whole human backgrounds and relationships? What is their task of discovery? Of measurement? Of guidance? In the early chapters of this volume we emphasized the spirit and method of science and pointed out the availability of the several social sciences for the working out of imminent problems of social guidance. In later chapters we have studied man's quest for social guidance, with his successes, his failures, and his problems; and we have attempted to study, through the various stages of development and changing situations, his efforts to adjust himself to his personal, social, and physical environment. Most of the social problems which we have studied have been products of man's struggle for adjustment, resulting sometimes in invention, creative culture, and achievement, and sometimes in tragedy, maladjustment, and social waste. The coming of the social sciences and the increasing clearness of man's self-consciousness and ability to view himself and his environment objectively constitute new factors which give rise to increasingly large opportunities and a more hopeful outlook for social progress and social welfare.
Complicating Factors . There are also important factors in the modern world which contribute not only to the hopefulness of the outlook but also to the complication of the processes of progress and development. These need to be studied and directed rather than feared. One of these factors is what Professor Beard has called the pitiless reality of the time sense, with which is coupled the idea of indefinite progress and the "continuous con-