U.S. Presidents as Orators: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook

By Halford Ryan | Go to book overview

executive branch, and he lost the confidence of the people and greatly increased the number of his enemies in Congress. His speeches on Watergate were anything but open and candid. Although he used many effective rhetorical strategies (extensive preparation, attention-getting introductions, emotional conclusions, a simple style and structure) that had proven successful on previous occasions, his Watergate speeches failed to save his presidency because he had squandered what he rightly called in his radio address "one of a President's greatest resources . . . the moral authority of his office." Twenty years later he was still trying to make up for his mistake. He died on April 22, 1994, and was buried next to his wife at the Nixon Library.


RHETORICAL SOURCES

Archival Materials

There are three main sources of Nixon materials: the Nixon Presidential Materials Project in Alexandria, Virginia, the pre-presidential papers at the Los Angeles branch of the National Archives in Laguna Nigel, California, and the Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. The Presidential Materials Project, operated by the National Archives, contains all the papers, documents, and correspondence from the 1969-1974 presidential terms. Of special interest are the President's Personal Files, the President's Office Files, the papers of his major staff members, and the Nixon White House tapes, some of which have been transcribed. Copies of important campaign and presidential speeches can be purchased. The western branch of the National Archives at Laguna Nigel houses more than 800 boxes of Nixon's pre-presidential papers, chronicling Nixon's early political career and years as vice president. The Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, which houses an archive containing drafts of his post-presidential books and speeches, opened in 1994. The library offers exhibits that feature taped speeches, and a large display traces the development of the "Silent Majority" speech from its origin in a rejected draft proposed by the National Security Council to the final version written solely by the President. For collections of Nixon's speeches, see:

Nixon Richard M. Public Papers of the Presidents: Richard Nixon. (PPP). 6 Vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1969- 1974.

Vital Speeches of the Day. (VS). (Bimonthly).


Autobiographies

Nixon Richard M. Six Crises. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1962.

-----. RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1978.

-----. In the Arena. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990.

-269-

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U.S. Presidents as Orators: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • An Introduction to Presidential Oratory ix
  • BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES xvii
  • George Washington (1732-1799) 3
  • Conclusion 15
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 16
  • John Adams (1735-1826) 18
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 26
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) 28
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 40
  • James Madison (1751-1836) 43
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 52
  • John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) 54
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 63
  • Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) 65
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 75
  • Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) 77
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 89
  • Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) 93
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 107
  • Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) 111
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 132
  • Herbert Clark Hoover (1874-1964) 134
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 144
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) 146
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 164
  • Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) 168
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 187
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) 190
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 204
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963) 210
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 225
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908-1973) 228
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 245
  • Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994) 249
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 269
  • Gerald R. Ford (1913- ) 274
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 296
  • Jimmy Carter (1924- ) 299
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 311
  • Ronald Reagan (1911- ) 316
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 337
  • George Herbert Walker Bush (1924- ) 344
  • RHETORICAL SOURCES 358
  • Bill Clinton (1946- ) 361
  • RHETORICAL RESOURCES 374
  • Index 377
  • About the Editor and Contributors 387
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