African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice

By Kassie Freeman | Go to book overview

expectations of the success of African American students. This speaks to the amount of support and empowerment that is required at the institutional level in order to produce positive results in students.

It is imperative that practitioners look into breaking down those structures that create isolation and competitiveness among students. The education of current professors and the hiring of minority faculty who have proven to be effective mentors to minority students are a beginning. Empowerment of specialized curricula such as African American studies departments is another effective means of empowerment of students. Finally, supporting student organizations, encouraging students to network, and taking part in group collaboration both on a social level as well as on an academic level are of great importance.


REFERENCES

Allen W. R. ( 1981). Correlates of Black student adjustment, achievement, and aspirations at a predominantly White southern university. In G. E. Thomas (Ed.), Black students in higher education: Conditions and experiences in the 1970s (pp. 127-141). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Astin A. W. ( 1990). The Black undergraduate: Current status and trends in the characteristics of freshmen. Los Angeles, CA: Higher Education Research Institute.

Banks J. A. ( 1972). Racial prejudice and the Black self-concept. In J. A. Banks & J. D. Grambs (Eds.), Black self-concept, (pp. 5-36). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Banks J. A. ( 1984). Black youths in predominantly White suburbs: An exploratory study of their attitudes for higher education. Journal of higher Education, 53( 1), 3-17.

Brazziel W. ( 1983). Baccalaureate college of origin of Black doctorate recipients. Journal of Negro Education, 32, 102-109.

Burns R. B. ( 1979). The self-concept in theory, measurement, development and behavior. New York: Longman.

Chickering A. W. ( 1969). Education and identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cross P. H., & Astin H. S. ( 1981). Black students in Black and White institutions. In G. E. Thomas (Ed.), Black students in higher education: Conditions and experiences in the 1970s (pp. 76-90). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Cross W. E. ( 1991). Shades of Black: Diversity in African American identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Davis R. B. ( 1990). Social support networks and undergraduate student academic success- related outcomes: A comparison of Black students on Black and White campuses. In W. R. Allen , E. G. Epps, & N. Z. Haniff (Eds.), College in Black and White: African American students in predominantly White and in historically Black public universities (pp. 143-160). Albany: SUNY Press.

Erikson E. H. ( 1968). Identity, youth, and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton.

Gilligan C. ( 1984). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Grambs J. D. ( 1919). African American students in predominantly White and in historically Black public universities. In W. R. Allen, E. G. Epps, & N. Z. Haniff (Eds.), College in Black and White: African American students in predominantly White and in historically Black public universities (pp. 285-204). Albany: SUNY Press.

Gurin P., & Epps E. ( 1975). Black consciousness, identity, and achievement. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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