It is, of course, probable that the application of this test will produce some inconvenience and hardship. If it did not do that it would probably fail of its purpose. You cannot get the wagon out the rut without administering some jolts. We hope to jolt it just enough to wake up some of the occupants without inflicting any serious or permanent injury. 232
The main point is that the resulting stress to the families affected, to the existing charity systems, and to local governments was anticipated to be minimal. In time, however, the inabilities of private charities to meet these increased needs without demanding that women also work caused a crumbling in the public opposition to state-funded programs to support them. Child labor laws would thus pave the way for mothers' pension laws, despite widespread reluctance to support welfare programs or to trust state governments to administer them.