The American Welfare System: Origins, Structure, and Effects

By Howard Gensler | Go to book overview

active and substantial interest in their welfare."406 It would seem that the enforcement of child labor and compulsory schooling laws brought about a reconsideration of the role of government relief in New York State.


NOTES
321.
William Hard, "The Moral Necessity of 'State Funds to Mothers,'" The Survey 29 ( March 1, 1913), 772.
322.
Florence Kelley and A. J. McKelway, for example, supported governmental relief, while equally prominent activists, such as Homer Folks and Owen Lovejoy, opposed it.
323.
Edward T. Devine, "Public Outdoor Relief. II.," The Charities Review 8 ( June 1898), 191.
324.
Mark H. Leff, "Consensus for Reform: The Mothers' Pension Movement in the Progressive Era," Social Service Review 47 ( September 1973), 403.
325.
Blanche Coll, Perspectives in Public Welfare: A History ( Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1971), p. 57.
326.
Leff, op. cit., p. 403.
327.
"Pensions to Widows -- Discussion," in Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Correction at the Thirty-Ninth Annual Session, ( Fort Wayne, IN: Fort Wayne Printing Company, 1912), p. 489.
328.
Quoted in Proceedings of the Twelfth New York State Conference of Charities and Correction ( Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company, 1911), p. 62.
329.
Coll, op. cit., p. 58.
330.
Frederick Almy, "The Relation Between Private and Public Outdoor Relief -- II.," The Charities Review 9 ( April 1899), 67-68.
331.
Subsequently other midwestern cities, including Chicago, also established such boards. According to Leff: "Their proponents asserted that relief was a public responsibility rather that a private service, that relief needs had grown too large to be met by private resources, and that public agencies could apply the lessons of efficiency and scientific philanthropy as competently as private ones." See Leff, op. cit., p. 398.
332.
Coll., op. cit.
333.
Ibid., p. 22.
334.
Ibid., p. 25.
335.
Ibid., p. 29.
336.
Ibid., p. 30.

-120-

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The American Welfare System: Origins, Structure, and Effects
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • I - The Origins of the American Welfare System 1
  • 1 - The Child and the American Welfare State 3
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - The New View of the Child 23
  • Notes 48
  • 3 - Progressive Priorities 55
  • Notes 69
  • 4 - Child Labor and the Mothers' Pension Movement 73
  • Notes 91
  • 5 - The Democratization of Outdoor Relief 97
  • Notes 120
  • 6 - Child Labor and Southern Patriotism 125
  • Notes 150
  • 7 - Farm Labor and "City-Centered" Child Welfare 155
  • Notes 168
  • 8 - The Case of Mothers' Pensions in Memphis 171
  • Notes 185
  • 9 - The Child and the State 189
  • Notes 194
  • II - The Structure and Effects of Welfare 197
  • 10 - The Structure of the American Welfare System 199
  • Notes 215
  • 11 - Behavioral Effects from Welfare 219
  • Notes 226
  • 12 - Reform 231
  • Notes 235
  • 13 - Welfare Policy: Point and Counterpoint 237
  • Notes 266
  • Bibliography 273
  • Index 289
  • About the Editor and Contributors 295
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