Cuban Sexual Values and African Religious Beliefs
by Tomás Fernaández Robaina
It has been argued that there are no basic differences between Spanish and African attitudes toward sexuality, particularly with respect to the machista positions contained in the religious creeds or cults of African origin that are practiced in Cuba.
The practice of the Sociedad Secreta Abakuá, which is solely made up of men (known as abakuáas or ñañigos), is particularly instructive on this matter. The slightest sign of effeminacy, or even the suspicion that a person is homosexual, is enough to deny him membership or prompt his expulsion.
This prohibition does not mean that an abakuá cannot have sexual contact with a homosexual, always provided that the abakuá acts as the "male" or active partner. It is said that there was a famous abakuá, much respected by his hierarchy, who died of old age without ever having been known to have had sex with women while the____________________