Mian Nawaz Sharif v. President of Pakistan PLD SC473. For details, see Charles H. Kennedy, "Presidential-Prime Ministerial Relations: The Role of the
Superior Courts," in Pakistan: 1995, ed.
Charles H. Kennedy and
Rasul B. Rais
( Boulder: Westview Press, 1995), pp. 17-30.
Murtaza Bhutto, politically estranged from his sister, had formed a rival faction of the PPP--the PPP ( Shaheed Bhutto), in alliance with his and Benazir's
mother, Nusrat Bhutto. The PPP(SB) fielded candidates in the 1997 elections.
Syed Abul A'la Maududi, The Islamic Law and Constitution, 7th ed. ( Lahore: Islamic Publications, 1980). Also see Seyyed Vali Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).
This useful categorization is found in
Stephen P. Cohen, The Pakistan Army
( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984), pp. 55-63.
Mohammed Ayub Khan, Friends, Not Masters: A Political Autobiography
( Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1967), p. 4.
This theme is developed fully in Shahid Javed Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto,
1971-1977 ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980). Also see Anwar H. Syed, The Discourse and Politics of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991), and Stanley Wolpert, Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).
After Bhutto was removed from office, the Zia regime published a three-
volume white paper exposing in great detail Bhutto's alleged excesses. See Government of Pakistan, White Paper of the Misuses of the Media; White Paper on the Conduct of the General Elections of 1977; White Paper on the Performance of the Bhutto
Regime ( Islamabad: Manager, Printing Corporation of Pakistan Press, 1978).
See, for example,
Cohen, The Pakistan Army, pp. 107-110.
For an analysis of the Zia years, see
Shahid Javed Burki and
(eds.), Pakistan Under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia ul-Haq ( Boulder: Westview
Benazir Bhutto, Daughter of Destiny ( New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989).
Baxter Craig (ed.). Zia's Pakistan: Politics and Stability in a Frontline State ( Boulder: Westview Press, 1985).
Bhutto Benazir. Daughter of Destiny ( New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989).
Bhutto Zulfikar Ali. If I Am Assassinated ( Delhi: Vikas Press, 1979).
Burki Shahid Javed. Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971-1977 ( New York: St. Martin's
Burki Shahid Javed, and
Craig Baxter (eds.). Pakistan Under the Military: Eleven
Years of Zia ul-Haq ( Boulder: Westview Press, 1991).
Feldman Herbert. A Constitution for Pakistan ( Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1956).
Herring Ronald. Land to the Tiller: The Political Economy of Land Reform in South
Asia ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983).