Government and Politics in South Asia

By Craig Baxter; Yogendra K. Malik et al. | Go to book overview

district councils, the electors being the members of the upazilla councils.) The upazilla is meant to be the focal point of administration and development. Below the upazilla are unions that comprise one or more villages and that also have elected councils.

Urban coordinating bodies cover entire cities. In the largest urban areas ( Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, and Rajshahi) there are municipal corporations with mayors and elected councils. Each also has a governmentappointed administrator, who is roughly the equivalent of a city manager. Smaller urban areas have city or town councils.

Police administration is headed by the inspector general of police, who serves nominally under the authority of the Home Ministry. At the district level there is a superintendent of police, and at the upazilla level, an inspector of police. Commissioners of police direct the work in major urban areas and report directly to the inspector general.

* * *

In sum, Bangladesh is developing a structure of government for the long term, as events described in the first part of this chapter confirm. The place of a freely elected parliament in the governmental system has perhaps been ensured by the success of a second free and fair election in June 1996. Although changes that may be made in the powers of the local governments are not yet known, a commitment has been made to elected bodies at lower levels and to discussion of development and other issues at those levels. It also appears that the specter of military intervention has been greatly lessened.


Notes
1.
Two members of the National Assembly chose to remain in Pakistan.
2.
See Craig Baxter, "Bangladesh in 1990: Another New Beginning," Asian Survey, vol. 31, no. 2 ( February 1991), pp. 146-152.
3.
See Craig Baxter and Seedier Rahman, "Bangladesh Votes--1991: Building Democratic Institutions," Asian Survey, vol. 31, no. 8 ( August 1991), pp. 683-693.
4.
See Craig Baxter, "Bangladesh in 1991: A Parliamentary System," Asian Survey, vol. 32, no. 2 ( February 1992), pp. 162-167.

Suggested Readings

Ahmed Moudud. Bangladesh: Era of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ( Dhaka: University Press, 1983).

-----. Democracy and the Challenge of Development: A Study of Politics and Military Interventions in Bangladesh ( Dhaka: University Press, 1995).

-257-

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Government and Politics in South Asia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Illustrations ix
  • Preface to the Fourth Edition xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 4
  • 1 - The Governance of South Asia Under the British 5
  • Suggested Readings 18
  • Part One - INDIA 19
  • 2 - Political Culture and Heritage 21
  • Suggested Readings 52
  • 3 - Political Institutions and Governmental Processes 55
  • Suggested Readings 90
  • 4 - Political Parties and Political Leaders 92
  • Suggested Readings 120
  • 5 - Groups and Multiple Demands on the System 122
  • Suggested Readings 139
  • 6 - Conflict Mediation 140
  • Suggested Readings 150
  • 7 - Modernization and Development: Prospects and Problems 151
  • Suggested Readings 159
  • Part Two - PAKISTAN 161
  • 8 - Political Culture and Heritage 163
  • Suggested Readings 174
  • 9 - Government Structure 175
  • Suggested Readings 183
  • 10 - Political Parties and Political Leaders 184
  • Suggested Readings 200
  • 11 - Conflict and Mediation 202
  • Suggested Readings 212
  • 12 - Policy Issues 213
  • Suggested Readings 223
  • 13: Modernization and Development 224
  • Part Three - BANGLADESH 231
  • 14 - Political Culture and Heritage 233
  • Suggested Readings 246
  • 15 - Government Institutions 247
  • Suggested Readings 257
  • 16 - Elections, Parties, and Interest Groups 259
  • Suggested Readings 279
  • 17 - Conflicts and Resolution 281
  • Suggested Readings 291
  • 18 - Modernization and Development: Prospects and Problems 292
  • Suggested Readings 299
  • Part Four - SRI LANKA 301
  • 19: Political Culture and Heritage 303
  • 20: Government Structure 316
  • 21: Political Parties and Interest Groups 331
  • 22: Conflict Mediation 346
  • 23: The Search for Prosperity 352
  • 24 - Modernization and Development: Prospects and Problems 358
  • Suggested Readings 362
  • Part Five - SOUTH ASIA 365
  • 25 - Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives 367
  • Suggested Readings 381
  • 26 - South Asia as a Region and in the World System 382
  • Suggested Readings 402
  • 27 - Conclusion: Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia 404
  • Suggested Readings 411
  • Statistical Appendix 413
  • Index 415
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