India has a fair chance of continuing along democratic lines, although dangers do exist and there will no doubt be stumbles. Sri Lanka may find even greater pitfalls as it tries to reintegrate the Tamils, who were so thoughtlessly driven out of the system. Bangladesh is hindered by its weak economic and social base, but it might prove capable of creating a strong political system, which could lead to greater liberalization. And, finally, Pakistan seems less likely to liberalize its society so long as an Islamic state is the stated goal.
Ahmed Moudud. Democracy and the Challenge of Development: A Study of Politics and Military Intervention in Bangladesh ( Dhaka: University Press, 1995).
Baxter Craig. "Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia." Journal of International Affairs, vol. 38, no. 2 (Winter 1985), pp. 307-319.
Jalal Ayesha. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan's Political Economy of Defense ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
_____. Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective ( New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Kohli Atul. Democracy and Discontent: India's Growing Crisis of Governability ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Rizvi Hasan Askari. The Military and Politics in Pakistan, 3d ed. ( Lahore: Progressive Publishers, 1986).