Notable Women in the Physical Sciences, a companion volume to Notable Women in the Life Sciences, provides biographical essays of 96 women (not all Americans) who have made significant contributions to the physical sciences from antiquity to the present. Forty-seven photographs accompany the essays. From long-recognized historical figures and women whose names were "starred" in the first editions of American Men of Science, to contemporary MacArthur Foundation "Genius" Award winners, National Medal of Science winners, Nobel Prize winners, and winners of other extraordinary awards such as the Federal Woman's Award, Annie J. Cannon prizes, and Garvan Medals, these prominent women have unique stories that can inspire talented young women to follow in their footsteps.
Taken as a whole, the biographical essays in this volume provide a broad historical sweep of the work of women in the physical sciences. The emphasis, however, is on twentieth-century women--most notably on those whose work continues. Disciplines covered in this volume include astronomy, astrophysics, biochemistry, chemistry, crystallography, physics, and related areas. Whenever extant sources allow, the essays go beyond the basic facts found in standard biographical dictionaries. This is most certainly true for those subjects who contributed their own words, through interviews or autobiographical contributions. The cooperation of these living scientists adds a vital and unique element to their biographical profiles.
Selection of subjects for inclusion in this volume began with a review