|Birth||December 29, 1879|
|1902||Degree in pharmacology|
|1902-07||Studied at Oslo University|
|1907-12||Worked with Marie Curie in Paris|
|1912||Licencée ès Sciences, La Sorbonne, Paris|
Worked at Yale University; D.Sc., honoris causa, Smith|
|1926-29|| President, International Federation of University Women|
|1929-46||Professor of Chemistry, Oslo University|
|1948||Honorary Doctorate, University of Strasbourg, France|
|1962||Honorary Doctorate, La Sorbonne, Paris, France|
|Death||June 5, 1968|
When Ellen Gleditsch was appointed professor of chemistry in 1929, she was the second woman to attain a professorial chair at Oslo University, Norway. Her appointment had met with considerable resistance, as it was regarded particularly unwise to place a woman in a chair of such importance as chemistry.
At the height of the controversy, which reached the local press, a letter arrived from Paris from Gleditsch's mentor and friend, Marie Curie. Although reluctant to get involved in what she saw as an internal struggle, Curie responded to a request from Kristine Bonnevie, professor of biology at Oslo University, and recommended her former student to the position.
Despite her many accomplishments and rewards, Gleditsch is today virtually unknown abroad as well as in her native Norway. Her life story sheds light on the horrendous barriers encountered by women scientists and on the courage and perseverance with which they fought for their right to do science. 1
Ellen Gleditsch, born in 1879, was the oldest in a family of ten children. She excelled in her studies, particularly in mathematics and science, but the exam that would have qualified her for university entry was closed