and a master of arts degree from the University of California at Berkeley in 1916.
From 1907 to 1912, Harwood worked as a computer assistant at the Harvard College Observatory. She was an astronomical fellow at the Maria Mitchell Observatory in Nantucket, Massachusetts, from 1912 to 1916. In 1916 she became director of the Observatory and held the position until 1957. Perhaps Harwood was inspired in her work by the Observatory's namesake, Maria Mitchell, a trailblazing nineteenth- century scientist who is often cited as the "first American woman astronomer." 1 Harwood also worked as a staff member of the radiation laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1944 to 1946.
Harwood pursued her commitment to astronomy through membership in a number of American and British astronomical societies. She was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and held memberships in the American Association of Variable Star Observers and the Maria Mitchell Association of Nantucket. Harwood was also a member of the Royal Astronomical Society and the International Astronomical Union.
In 1917, Harwood discovered an asteroid, also known as a minor planet. However, male astronomer George H. Peters was credited with the discovery of Asteroid No. 886 and had the honor of naming it. Peters received credit for the discovery although he sighted the asteroid four days after Harwood discovered it. 2
Although Harwood did not receive official credit for her discovery of the asteroid Washingtonia, she did receive recognition for her work as an astronomer. In 1962 she received the Annie J. Cannon Prize in Astronomy from the American Association of University Women and the American Astronomical Society. A grant given to women who are conducting astronomy research, the award helped support Harwood's research on variable stars. 3 Harwood also received a medal for distinguished achievement in her field from Radcliffe College.
Bailey Martha J. American Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1994.