Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary

By Benjamin F. Shearer; Barbara S. Shearer | Go to book overview

ciplined mind, her command of mathematics and statistics, and her life- long support of her husband's work. Their dinner-table shoptalk discussions of observational astronomy were very fruitful in providing a clear and rigorous framework for Alexander Vyssotsky's more intuitive outlining of research problems. This relationship continued through many papers in which Emma's name did not appear and throughout the long and difficult course of her illness. She was eventually diagnosed with a chronic case of brucellosis, a bacterial disease that can recur as frequently and virulently as malaria. Brucellosis, also known as undulant or Malta fever, is a formerly common disease of cattle that can be passed to humans via unpasteurized milk products. Emma was cured with a course of strong antibiotics, but the damage to her career and her health had been done. She eventually died in the retirement community of Winter Park, Florida, two years after her husband Alexander. She was 81 years old. 7


Notes
1.
That Emma met Vyssotsky at Harvard was confirmed by Dorrit Hoffleit at Yale, Victor Vyssotsky, and Bob McCutcheon of NASA.
2.
Who's Who incorrectly listed Vyssotsky's Ph.D. as having been awarded in 1929. The date of 1930 was verified by Radcliffe College.
3.
General information about the Leander McCormick Observatory was gathered through Telescopes, edited by Thornton Page and Lou Williams Page ( New York: Macmillan, 1966), and the University of Virginia Astronomy Department home page on the World Wide Web.
4.
Dorrit Hoffleit and Bob McCutcheon confirm Alexander's facility with spectral plates.
5.
See University of Virginia Astronomy Department home page on the World Wide Web.
6.
The Alumni Office confirms Emma's lack of teaching responsibilities.
7.
Personal information on Emma from author's notes of conversation with Victor Vyssotsky.

Bibliography

Vyssotsky A. N., and Emma T. R. Williams. "Color Indices and Integrated Magnitudes of 15 Bright Globular Clusters." Astrophysical Journal 77 ( 1933): 301.

-----. "Galactic Structure and Kinetic Theory." Astrophysical Journal 98 ( 1943): 187.

-----. "An Investigation of Stellar Motions; Additions and Corrections." Astronomical journal 56 ( 1951): 68.

Who's Who of American Women, 1966-67. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1967.

Williams Emma T. R. "Evidence for Space Reddening from Bright B Stars." Astrophysical Journal 75 ( 1932): 386.

-----. "A Spectrophotometric Study of Astars." Ph.D. dissertation, Radcliffe College, 1930.

-408-

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Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction ix
  • Ida Barney (1886-1982) Astronomer 1
  • Bibliography 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • Bibliography 8
  • Bibliography 8
  • Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943- ) Astronomer 9
  • Bibliography 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • Bibliography 17
  • Bibliography 18
  • Bibliography 18
  • Bibliography 20
  • Bibliography 20
  • Bibliography 20
  • Bibliography 25
  • Bibliography 26
  • Bibliography 27
  • Bibliography 31
  • Bibliography 31
  • Bibliography 32
  • Bibliography 35
  • Bibliography 35
  • Annie Jump Cannon (1863-1941) Astronomer 36
  • Bibliography 40
  • Emma Perry Carr (1880-1972) Chemist 40
  • EMMA PERRY CARR (1880-1972) Chemist 45
  • EMMA PERRY CARR (1880-1972) Chemist 45
  • Marjorie Caserio (1929- ) Chemist 46
  • Bibliography 50
  • Bibliography 51
  • Bibliography 56
  • Bibliography 56
  • Bibliography 57
  • Bibliography 61
  • Bibliography 61
  • Bibliography 62
  • Bibliography 66
  • Bibliography 66
  • Ingrid Daubechies (1954- ) Physicist 67
  • Bibliography 69
  • Allie Vibert Douglas (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 69
  • ALLIE VIBERT DOUGLAS (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 75
  • ALLIE VIBERT DOUGLAS (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 76
  • Allie Vibert Douglas (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 76
  • ALLIE VIBERT DOUGLAS (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 79
  • ALLIE VIBERT DOUGLAS (1894-1988) Astrophysicist, Astronomer 79
  • Helen T. Edwards (1936- ) Physicist 80
  • Bibliography 84
  • Gertrude Belle Elion (1918- ) Biochemist 84
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 87
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 88
  • Gertrude Belle Elion (1918- ) Biochemist 88
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 93
  • Bibliography 94
  • Gertrude Belle Elion (1918- ) Biochemist 94
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 99
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 99
  • Gertrude Belle Elion (1918- ) Biochemist 99
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 104
  • GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918- ) Biochemist 104
  • Williamina Paton Fleming (1857-1911) Astronomer 105
  • Bibliography 109
  • Helen M. Free (1923--) Chemist 110
  • Bibliography 112
  • Wendy Laurel Freedman (1957- ) Astronomer 113
  • Bibliography 117
  • Catharine D. Garmany (1946- ) Astronomer 117
  • CATHARINE D. GARMANY (1946- ) Astronomer 121
  • CATHARINE D. GARMANY (1946- ) Astronomer 121
  • Margaret Joan Geller (1947- ) Astronomer 122
  • Bibliography 126
  • Ellen Gleditsch (1879-1968) Nuclear Chemist 127
  • Bibliography 131
  • Jenny Pickworth Glusker (1931- ) Crystallographer, Cancer Researcher 132
  • Notes 135
  • Bibliography 136
  • Bibliography 136
  • Bibliography 143
  • Bibliography 144
  • Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber (1911- ) Physicist 145
  • Bibliography 147
  • Bibliography 148
  • Bibliography 153
  • Bibliography 153
  • Jeanette Grasselli (brown) (1929- ) Analytical Chemist 154
  • Notes 158
  • Bibliography 158
  • Arda Alden Green (1899-1958) Biochemist 159
  • Notes 162
  • Bibliography 162
  • Dorothy Anna Hahn (1876-1950) Chemist 163
  • Bibliography 166
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 166
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 171
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 171
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 172
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 175
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 176
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 176
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 177
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 177
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 178
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 180
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 181
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 181
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 185
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 185
  • Heidi Hammel (1960- ) Astronomer 186
  • HEIDI HAMMEL (1960- ) Astronomer 190
  • Bibliography 191
  • Helen Sawyer Hogg (1905-1993) Astronomer 191
  • HELEN SAWYER HOGG (1905-1993) Astronomer 196
  • Icie Gertrude Macy Hoobler (1892-1984) Biochemist 197
  • Bibliography 202
  • Allene Rosalind Jeanes (1906-1995) Chemist 203
  • Bibliography 207
  • Bibliography 208
  • Bibliography 212
  • Bibliography 212
  • Bibliography 212
  • Bibliography 217
  • Bibliography 217
  • Bibliography 217
  • Bibliography 221
  • Bibliography 222
  • Joyce Jacobson Kaufman (1929- ) Chemist 223
  • Bibliography 227
  • Vera E. Kistiakowsky (1928- ) Physicist 228
  • Bibliography 233
  • Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868-1921) Astronomer 233
  • HENRIETTA SWAN LEAVITT (1868-1921) Astronomer 236
  • HENRIETTA SWAN LEAVITT (1868-1921) Astronomer 236
  • Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868-1921) Astronomer 237
  • HENRIETTA SWAN LEAVITT (1868-1921) Astronomer 241
  • Bibliography 242
  • Pauline Beery Mack (1891-1974) Chemist 242
  • PAULINE BEERY MACK (1891-1974) Chemist 246
  • PAULINE BEERY MACK (1891-1974) Chemist 247
  • Pauline Beery Mack (1891-1974) Chemist 247
  • PAULINE BEERY MACK (1891-1974) Chemist 250
  • PAULINE BEERY MACK (1891-1974) Chemist 250
  • Ines Mandl (1917- ) Biochemist 251
  • Bibliography 254
  • Antonia Maury (1866-1952) Astronomer 255
  • Bibliography 259
  • Grace Medes (1886-1967) Chemist 259
  • GRACE MEDES (1886-1967) Chemist 262
  • Bibliography 263
  • Lise Meitner (1878-1968) Physicist 263
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 266
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 267
  • Lise Meitner (1878-1968) Physicist 268
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 270
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 270
  • Lise Meitner (1878-1968) Physicist 270
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 274
  • LISE MEITNER (1878-1968) Physicist 275
  • Agnes Fay Morgan (1884-1968) Chemist 276
  • Notes 280
  • Bibliography 281
  • Dorothy Virginia Nightingale (1902- ) Chemist 282
  • Notes 285
  • Bibliography 286
  • Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin (1900-1979) Astronomer 286
  • CECILIA PAYNE-GAPOSCHKIN (1900-1979) Astronomer 291
  • CECILIA PAYNE-GAPOSCHKIN (1900-1979) Astronomer 291
  • Mary Engle Pennington (1872-1952) Bacteriologist, Chemist 292
  • Bibliography 296
  • Bibliography 297
  • Bibliography 301
  • Bibliography 301
  • Bibliography 301
  • Bibliography 304
  • Bibliography 305
  • Bibliography 310
  • Bibliography 310
  • Lucy Weston Pickett (1904- ) Chemist 311
  • Bibliography 314
  • Bibliography 315
  • Bibliography 318
  • Bibliography 318
  • Kamal J. Ranadive (1917- ) Cancer Researcher 319
  • Bibliography 322
  • Sarah Ratner (1903- ) Biochemist 323
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 327
  • Ellen Swallow Richards (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 327
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 332
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 332
  • Ellen Swallow Richards (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 333
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 336
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 336
  • Ellen Swallow Richards (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 336
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 341
  • ELLEN SWALLOW RICHARDS (1842-1911) Chemist, Ecologist, Home Economist 342
  • Elizabeth Roemer (1929- ) Astronomer 343
  • Bibliography 345
  • Nancy Grace Roman (1925- ) Astronomer 345
  • NANCY GRACE ROMAN (1925- ) Astronomer 349
  • Vera Cooper Rubin (1928- ) Astronomer 350
  • Bibliography 354
  • Bibliography 355
  • Bibliography 358
  • Bibliography 359
  • Bibliography 359
  • Bibliography 363
  • Bibliography 363
  • Bibliography 363
  • Bibliography 366
  • Bibliography 367
  • Bibliography 367
  • Bibliography 372
  • Bibliography 372
  • Bibliography 373
  • Bibliography 375
  • Bibliography 375
  • Bibliography 375
  • Bibliography 380
  • Bibliography 380
  • Bibliography 381
  • Bibliography 384
  • Bibliography 385
  • Bibliography 385
  • Bibliography 388
  • Bibliography 388
  • Henrietta Hill Swope (1902-1980) Astronomer 389
  • Bibliography 391
  • Paula Szkody (1948- ) Astronomer 392
  • Beatrice Muriel Hill Tinsley (1941-1981) Astronomer 396
  • BEATRICE MURIEL HILL TINSLEY (1941-1981) Astronomer 400
  • BEATRICE MURIEL HILL TINSLEY (1941-1981) Astronomer 400
  • Marjorie Jean Young Vold (1913-1991) Colloid Chemist 401
  • Bibliography 404
  • Emma T.R. Williams Vyssotsky (1894-1975) Astronomer 405
  • Bibliography 408
  • Bibliography 409
  • Bibliography 413
  • Bibliography 413
  • Sarah Frances Whiting (1847-1927) Astronomer, Physicist 414
  • Bibliography 418
  • Lee Anne M. Willson (1947- ) Astronomer 418
  • LEE ANNE M. WILLSON (1947- ) Astronomer 422
  • LEE ANNE M. WILLSON (1947- ) Astronomer 422
  • Lee Anne M. Willson (1947- ) Astronomer 423
  • LEE ANNE M. WILLSON (1947- ) Astronomer 428
  • LEE ANNE M. WILLSON (1947- ) Astronomer 429
  • Lee Anne M. Willson (1947- ) Astronomer 429
  • LEE ANNE M. WILLSON (1947- ) Astronomer 433
  • Xide Xie (1921- ) Physicist 434
  • Bibliography 438
  • Judith Sharn Young (1952- ) Astronomer 438
  • JUDITH SHARN YOUNG (1952- ) Astronomer 442
  • JUDITH SHARN YOUNG (1952- ) Astronomer 442
  • Appendix I: Scientists by Profession 445
  • Appendix II: Scientists by Honors and Awards Received 449
  • Index 461
  • About the Editors and Contributors 471
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