Robert Campbell is distinguished Professor of Economics at Indiana University, Bloomington. His graduate training in Soviet economics was at Harvard University where he received an M.A. in Soviet area studies and a Ph.D. in economics. He has held teaching positions at the University of Southern California, University of California at Berkeley, Stanford University, and Harvard University. His publications include general analyses of the Soviet economy, and numerous more specialized studies dealing with energy policy, research and development, economic reform, and military affairs in the USSR. His most recent research focuses on Soviet telecommunications as an infrastructure controlling the ability of the USSR to deal with the information revolution.
Shafiqul Islam is Senior Fellow for International Economics and Finance at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University. Before joining the Council, he was a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for International Economics ( 1986-1987) and Chief of the Industrial Economies Division at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York ( 1984-1986). He has published widely on international monetary and financial issues. Most recently he edited Yen for Development: Japanese Foreign Aid and the Politics of Burden-Sharing ( 1991).
Michael Mandelbaum is Director of the Project on East-West Relations at the Council on Foreign Relations and the Christian A. Herter Professor of American Foreign Policy at the Paul H.