Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840-1860

By William E. Gienapp; Thomas B. Alexander et al. | Go to book overview

THOMAS B. ALEXANDER


The Dimensions of Voter Partisan Constancy in Presidential Elections from 1840 to 1860

By 1840 the nation's second two-party system was fully developed in every region.1 A close, nationwide rivalry between Democrats and Whigs formed the basic configuration of presidential politics, not only in total popular vote but also within most of the states and even within an immense number of counties. Neither party could muster as much as a two-to-one majority in almost three-fourths of the nation's counties in 1840, or even 60 percent in considerably more than one-half.2 This party system was subjected to such intense strain during the succeed-

____________________
1
A more general research project on the two-party system of the United States between 1836 and 1880, from which this analysis of continuity is drawn, has been facilitated by grants from the Social Science Research Council, the University Research Committee of the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, and the University Research Council of the University of Missouri, Columbia. Computing facility staffs at both universities have provided essential services. During the development of the data set, of which the county-aggregate presidential returns are a part, invaluable assistance was furnished by Ross J Cameron, Walter D. Kamphoefner, William W. Beach, Paul E. McAllister, and Harry D. Holmes. Assistance for this specific project was generously furnished by Larry Steven Demaree and Don Wayne O'Hara, as well as by Walter Kamphoefner. No one working with presidential election data for this period of United States history should omit a fervent expression of appreciation to Walter Dean Burnham, whose 1955Presidential Ballots, 1836-1892 opened vistas that quickened the pulse of a generation of historians before there was a historical archive of machine-readable data at the Inter- University Consortium for Political and Social Research at Ann Arbor. I am grateful for the generous assistance provided by Richard P. McCormick.
2
All statements concerning county-level aggregate election data for presidential elections and all analyses of these data are based on the author's set of county-aggregate census and election data. This set incorporates presidential, gubernatorial, and congressional election returns for 1838-1878 and 1850, 1860, and 1870 United States census information. Only the presidential data are used in this essay, except that change in turnout referred to in notes is based, in addition, on population information. The presidential election returns are from Walter Dean Burnham, Presidential Ballots, 1836-1892 (Baltimore, 1955), adjusted or corrected when internal or other evidence justified changes. The gubernatorial and congressional data were obtained from the Historical Archive of the I.C.P.S.R. at Ann Arbor.

-70-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840-1860
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 229

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.