Eighteenth-Century Europe

By Leonard W. Cowie | Go to book overview

XIV.
THE EMERGENCE OF RUSSIA

Peter the Great (1694-1725)

DURING the first quarter of the eighteenth century Russia was under the rule of the dynamic, forceful Czar Peter I. As a boy, he had received very little formal education, but through realistic war-games with his friends developed a taste for military matters. Later, sailing boats led him to acquire an equal interest in shipbuilding and naval warfare. Indeed, he had a passion for things practical all his life. He boasted in later years that he was proficient in fourteen trades, which included stone-masonry, carpentry, joinery, cobbling and printing. He acted as court dentist, keeping in a little bag the teeth he extracted, and courtiers were terrified of falling ill lest he should want to use forceps or knife on them. He enjoyed beheading criminals and soundly birching disobedient servant-girls. Seven feet tall with an amazingly powerful frame, Peter combined a violent and unstable temperament with an active and shrewd intelligence. Above all, he was devoted to what he conceived to be the good of Russia and gave himself to the service of the State with all his strength.

From the beginning of his reign, Peter devoted himself to the continuance of the policy, already initiated by his predecessors, which sought to make Russia a great western power. In 1697 he himself went with fifty Russian noblemen to study and gain experience in western Europe. What he saw there of the way in which wealth, trade, manufactures and knowledge could bring power and prosperity to a nation convinced him that Russia urgently needed to learn from the west so as to match it in these things and be strong enough to survive as a great power. He came back with at least 750 technicians of various nationalities to work in Russia and purchased quantities of military and naval material.

Upon his return, he was able to reorganize his army. He raised new guards regiments to form an up-to-date professional force, effectively trained on European lines by foreign officers. Other regiments followed, based on a system of conscript levies, and when Peter died Russia had a standing army of 210,000 men,

-251-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Eighteenth-Century Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Maps ix
  • I - Eighteenth-Century Europe 1
  • II - The Enlightenment 19
  • III - Social and Economic Change 39
  • IV - Overseas Commerce And 63
  • V - Enlightened Despotism 87
  • VI - Church and State 106
  • VII - War and Diplomacy 125
  • VIII - France The Regency and Fleury 150
  • IX - Spanish Bourbons 165
  • X - The Rise of Prussia 181
  • XI - The Austrian Succession 199
  • XII - The Diplomatic Revolutionand the Seven Years' War 217
  • XIII - The Habsburg Dominions 235
  • XIV - The Emergence of Russia 251
  • XV - The Partition of Poland 274
  • XVI - The Failure of The French Monarchy 291
  • XVII - The French Revolution 312
  • XVIII - The Revolutionary War 333
  • XIX - Napoleon's Rule in France 347
  • XX - The Napoleonic War 363
  • Bibliography 387
  • Index 391
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 397

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.