The Search for Being: Essays from Kierkegaard to Sarte on the Problem of Existence

By Jean T. Wilde; William Kimmel | Go to book overview

FRIEDRICH WILHELM NIETZSCHE (1844-1900).

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHEwas born near Leipzig, son of a Protestant pastor who died before the child was five. At school he was influenced by Greek studies and by the poet Hölderlin, himself a passionate Grecophile. Abandoning theology for philosophy, he followed Ritschl from the university of Bonn to that of Leipzig, where Goethe had been a student one hundred years earlier. He took Goethe as his master, fell under the spell of Schopenhauer, read the Greeks, above all the pre-Socratics, and such moderns as Novalis, Brentano, and Heine. He finished his studies at Leipzig and obtained a chair in philology at Basel, where he was a colleague of Jacob Burckhardt. At Leipzig he began the intimate relationship with Wagner which continued during the Basel years until terminated by Nietzsche because of Wagner's excessive romantic Germanism and mystical Christianity. When his health broke down he had to give up his Basel post. During the following ten years, 1879-1889, self-alienated from his homeland, without academic profession, racked by migraine, and moving from place to place (with sometimes six or seven residences in a year), he wrote most of the books by which he is best known. In the year l889 his mind broke down and he remained deranged in the care of his sister till he died in 1900 at Weimar.

In the Untimely Meditations from which the following selection has been taken Nietzsche examines the problem of the relationship between human existence and culture, specifically with respect to the role of education and the study of history. Like Kierkegaard,

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The Search for Being: Essays from Kierkegaard to Sarte on the Problem of Existence
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Preface 5
  • Acknowledgments 6
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS 7
  • Introduction 9
  • PART I. THE EXISTENTIAL DEMAND OF BEING 27
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Von Schelling (1775-1854) 29
  • SØren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) 49
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900). 97
  • PART II. THE SELF-CREATING PRINCIPLE OF BEING 135
  • FÉlix Ravaisson-Mollien (1813-1900) 137
  • Jules Lachelier (1832-1918) 151
  • Henri Bergson (1859-1941) 175
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (1905- ) 217
  • PART III. THE HISTORICAL MODES OF BEING 281
  • Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) 283
  • Georg Simmel (1838-1918) 313
  • Max Scheler (1874-1928) 345
  • Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) 377
  • PART IV. THE ENCOUNTER OF BEINGS WITH BEING 415
  • Gabriel Marcel (1889- ) 417
  • Karl Jaspers (1833- ) 451
  • Martin Heidegger (1889- ) 491
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 521
  • Index 535
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