THE SABBATH IN THE SYNAGOGUE
And from one sabbath to another,
Shall all flesh come to worship before Me,
Saith the Lord ( Isa. 66.23).
SABBATH services in the synagogue are not only important religious exercises; they are an integral part of Sabbath observance. Without the synagogue services the Sabbath is an empty shell. That is why the Sabbath prayers have been so chosen as to reflect the Sabbath spirit by their deliberate disregard of personal needs and mundane worries. Only such prayers are included as sing the praise of God and glorify the Sabbath. They abound in hymns of thanksgiving for God's loving-kindness, especially as it has revealed itself in the selection of Israel for the greatest of divine gifts -- the Sabbath.
Like all the festive days, the Sabbath is honored by an additional service, called Musaf. But the Sabbath services differ from the festival services in that they teach the Torah to the congregation. On all holidays a portion of the Torah is read during the morning and afternoon services for the purpose of teaching the significance of the holiday. On the Sabbath the portion of the Torah is read solely for the pur-