Swedes in America, 1638-1938

By Adolph B. Benson; Naboth Hedin | Go to book overview

Gymnastics

THEODOR A. MELANDER

Captain Melander is himself one of the leaders in physical education according to Swedish principles, in the United States. He was born at Sigtuna in Sweden, and was graduated from the Royal Military Academy in 1889. During his service as an officer in the regular Army, he went through the Royal Gymnastic Institute, 1893-96, and served for many years as an instructor in the Army, the Military Institute, and the Stockholm Fire Department. Captain Melander came to New York in 1902. His first job was that of physical director for the National Cash Register Company at Dayton, Ohio, and after working in clubs, private schools, and the Y.M.C.A. in New York, he became chief instructor and lecturer at the Savage School for Physical Education in New York City, a post he held for twenty-six years. During the World War, Captain Melander trained reserve officers for the American Army; and for many years he was attached to different hospitals for orthopedic work. In 1916 he founded, in New York, the Swedish Institute of Physiotherapy, partly for corrective work and partly for training of masseurs and physiotherapy technicians. Close to one hundred students are graduated each year. Captain Melander has also been active for many years in various Swedish gymnastic societies in New York and vicinity.

At he beginning of the nineteenth century, Sweden was in a depressed condition. The country's youth had been sacrificed in disastrous wars; the sister nation, Finland, had been lost, and the outlook in general was gloomy.

At this time we find a young Swede, Per Henrik Ling, who for several years had lived in different parts of Europe--especially Denmark--devoting himself to the study of languages, gymnastics, and sport. On his return to Sweden he realized the necessity of a national recovery; and his ideas found expression in the system of gymnastics which he, from then on, made his life work, and which has given him the name, the "Father of Swedish Gymnastics." By means of untiring work and perseverance, he worked out a set of exercises for both healthy and ill persons, arranging the different movements according to physiological principles. In 1813 he founded and became the

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Swedes in America, 1638-1938
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Swedish American Tercentenary Association ix
  • Editors' Preface xi
  • Contents xiii
  • Illustrations xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Colonists 5
  • Colonial Landmarks 35
  • The Swedish Language in America 52
  • Bibliography 72
  • Farmers 75
  • Pioneers of the Northwest 92
  • Geographical Distribution 107
  • Swedish Place Names in America 123
  • Religion 126
  • Charities and Self-Help 140
  • Colleges 154
  • Bibliography 180
  • Newspapers 181
  • Writers in Swedish 191
  • Magazines 206
  • Authors 209
  • Journalists 219
  • Translations of Swedish LIterature 237
  • Four Representatives of the Intellect Arrhenius, Berzelius, LInné, and Swedenborg 253
  • The New Church 279
  • Professors 282
  • Public School Educators 300
  • Lawyers 315
  • Public Officials 321
  • Doctors 338
  • Gymnastics 357
  • Sports and Sportsmen 366
  • Inventors 382
  • Engineers 407
  • Architects and Builders 416
  • Composers 435
  • Opera Singers 453
  • The American Union of Swedish Singers 469
  • Moving Picture Actors 473
  • Stage and Radio Performers 482
  • Painters and Sculptors 488
  • Soldiers and Sailors 506
  • Aviation 532
  • Manufacturers 551
  • Businessmen Gustaf Sundelius 572
  • Imports and Importers VIctor O. Freeburg 584
  • Index 599
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