and to the extent that it was possible for it to be like him, four things necessarily proceeded from it through its act of understanding and through its intellect. For, in understanding the first creator in his magnificence and glory, as though irradiated and filled with great light, it emitted, like a brightness, a second intelligence from itself. But in understanding its own potentiality, it cast from itself, like a shadow, the matter of the first heaven. But in understanding itself in its perfection, it emitted from itself a second brightness, and there proceeded from it, like a ray of a lesser and second light, the form of the first heaven, and in that way the first heaven is completed through its intellect and its act of understanding. And they wanted to understand this form of heaven as the bodily form of the same. Fourthly, in understanding its spiritual being, by which this intelligence is an intelligence, it shed from itself a third ray, that is, the soul of the first heaven which is a power that moves it only in place. And they understood this to be the form and perfection in the proper sense of the heaven.47 They, of course, maintained that the heaven was an animal composed of the body moved, as its matter, and of such a soul that moves it in this way, as its form. And in this way they said that the lower intelligences, the matters of the lower heavens, and their bodily forms and souls proceeded from higher intelligences until they came to the tenth intelligence which they maintained was the intelligible sun of our souls. They maintained that from it there begins the production of many and multiple things and that nothing more noble than our souls can come from them (619b), as if their light were dimmed to that point and their power diminished through being distanced from the first and universal font.
The destruction of the previous error of Aristotle and of others.
With these points set forth, then, in accord with the opinion of those people, I shall begin to examine whether the truth is that way. For those who make this claim seem to detract much from the glory and magnificence of the creator and to attribute more than is fitting of might and power to the previously mentioned substances. First of all, then, they seem to have erred about the tenth intelligence which they call the agent intelligence. For either it is____________________