Peter the Great: Emperor of All Russia

By Ian Grey | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XVII
Preparations for War with Sweden 1699-1700

RETURNING to Moscow from Kerch on 27 September 1699, Peter found awaiting him an embassy from the King of Sweden, as well as a secret mission from the King of Poland. The Swedish embassy, with its purpose of confirming existing treaties, was particularly unwelcome at this juncture, and the Polish mission was premature, for Ukraintsev was still negotiating in Constantinople, and Peter was determined to secure peace in the south before embarking on war in the north. To avoid arousing Swedish suspicions, however, he decided that he must receive the embassy and go through the pretence of endorsing the peace treaties. But while doing this, he was secretly concerting with General Karlovich, the Polish King's agent, a plan of campaign against Charles of Sweden.

On his accession to the Swedish throne in 1697, Charles XII had become king of a great power, supreme in the north. His empire embraced Finland, Karelia, Esthonia, Livonia, western Pomerania, Wismar, Bremen, Werden, many of the Baltic islands, and the whole of the Scandinavian peninsula, excepting only Norway. He controlled the mouths of the rivers Neva, Dvina, Oder, Elbe, and Weser, flowing into the Baltic Sea.

But enemies surrounded Sweden. The Norwegians, whom the Swedes had never been able to conquer, still menaced their flank. The Danes were their traditional enemies, and Swedish possessions in Germany involved frequent conflicts. The Poles had never resigned

-156-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Peter the Great: Emperor of All Russia
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 505

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.