Seedtime of British Intervention
The war has become one of Separation-- or Subjugation.
-- Lord Lyons,
June 9, 1862
In the summer of 1862 the Union underwent another period of severe trial. Despite victory at New Orleans, the talk of European intervention persisted and for the first time became the central issue in an emotion-packed meeting of Parliament. The Union's control of the mouth of the Mississippi River cheered the American legation in London for only a short time. The euphoria came to an abrupt end when Charles Francis Adams was rebuffed once more in his appeal to Russell to withdraw belligerent rights from the South. During their conversation, Russell again argued that England's policy benefited the Union by permitting it to buy arms and military stores from British firms. Adams had learned of these arms deals some months earlier and had argued to Seward that they undermined the Union's protests against