CHAPTER XXVI
MACHADO, RE-ELECTION, AND PROROGATION

PRESIDENT GERARDO MACHADO Y MORALES, General of the War of Independence, was deposed August 12, 1933. Highly popular during the term to which he was elected in 1924, he was re-elected after he had announced he would not run again --and, furthermore, he accepted a prorogation of powers. The scanty revenues of the nation, due to the low price of sugar, compelled him to reduce the budget to 45 millions, part of which had to be applied to the public debt. The country was in a constant state of anxiety, and popular opinion turned against him. Finally, President Roosevelt's Administration became antagonistic, and this added pressure overthrew his regime.

In April 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to send Sumner Welles as Ambassador to Cuba. When Welles was appointed, Secretary of State Cordell Hull issued several statements explaining the attitude of the North American Government regarding the Cuban problem. After saying that the United States"was compelled to look upon the situation existing in Cuba with the greatest concern," Mr. Hull instructed Welles to "point out to President Machado in the most forceful terms that, in the opinion of your Government, no general improvement of conditions in Cuba can be expected until there is a definite cessation of that state of terrorism which has existed for so long a period throughout Cuba and particularly in Havana."

In the same directive, Hull told Welles to offer the good offices of the United States in an effort to mediate the quarrel between Machado and his Opposition. From the day Welles

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