3.
Survey and Analysis of Existing Conditions

PURPOSE
Chances are slight that a solution to campus expansion will spring totally from insight, intuition and inspiration. These qualities may be present and happily at work, but in most instances considerable preliminary groundwork must be done to gather and evaluate all the data necessary to the development of an appropriate plan. This is done in the survey stage, and is an important phase of campus planning. Surveys and analyses are carried on in a concrete way for the purpose of:
1. Knowing how land, buildings, and other physical elements on campus and in the environs are used.
2. Discovering deficiencies in the existing physical plant.
3. Identifying conditions which must be overcome or respected in planning any new development.
In the survey phase the constituent physical elements of the campus and environs are described and evaluated. Survey materials can be categorized as inventory or analytical, i.e., objective accountings of existing conditions or subjective interpretations of factors and relationships disclosed in the inventory process.
The Base Map
The base map is a major tool in the survey stage. It is the instrument for communicating site information. It should contain at least the following:
1. The environs surrounding the campus expressed as land uses and streets.
2. Boundaries of the institution's land holdings.
3. Roads and major walks on campus, and points of entrance.
4. Campus buildings in block outline form. Main entrances to buildings.
5. Buildings by name, function, number of floors, gross square footages, building materials, building condition, date of construction and dates of major renovations, if any. For legibility and ease in comparison, this information may be shown in the map legend and keyed to the buildings.
1 Summary of site characteristics From: University of Michigan Medical Center Plan Prepared by Johnson, Johnson and Roy

-183-

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Campus Planning
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents v
  • I. Prospectus 1
  • 1 - Outlook 3
  • 2 - Campus Design in Perspective 13
  • 3 - Campus Planning 43
  • Ii. the Campus and Its Parts 55
  • Footnotes 65
  • 3 - Libraries and Museums 85
  • 4 - Research 95
  • 5 - Centers of Extracurricular LIfe 101
  • 6 - Institutional Services 113
  • 7 - Housing 119
  • Footnotes 145
  • 8 - Sports, Recreation and Physical Education 147
  • 9 - Circulation and Parking 159
  • 10 - Utilities 166
  • Section III: Campus Plans 169
  • 1 - Expanding the Campus 171
  • 2 - Organizing for Planning 173
  • 3 - Survey and Analysis of Existing Conditions 183
  • 4 - Programming the Development Plan 199
  • Footnotes 208
  • 5 - Design in Planning 209
  • 6 - A Selection of Development Plans 239
  • 7 - Urban Renewal and Campus Expansion 275
  • 8 - New Campuses 287
  • Acknowledgments: 308
  • Index 308
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