FOREIGN AID AND THE PROBLEM OF NONINTERVENTION
A MAJOR problem encountered by the United States in its postwar foreign policy, a problem likely to cause increasing perplexities, has been the problem of attaining its objectives of peace, prosperity, and democracy without violating its announced principle of nonintervention. Present in relations with nearly all of the underdeveloped countries, this problem has recently become most conspicuous in the case of the Latin-American nations with which the United States has signed formal collective pledges against all types of intervention.
One of the important documents that embodies such a formal pledge -- the Charter of the Organization of American States, signed at Bogotá in the spring of 1948 and ratified shortly afterward by the governments of twenty-one countries in the Western Hemisphere -- is not free from contradictions. While some of its provisions forbid intervention, others encourage it. The long preamble of this charter expresses the alleged firm conviction of these governments that "the true significance of American solidarity and good neighborliness can only mean the consolidation on this continent, within the framework of democratic institutions, of a system of individual liberty and social justice based on respect for the essential rights of man"; and, further, that the welfare of these countries and their "contribution to the progress and civilization of the world will increasingly require intensive continental cooperation," the principles and details of which the same document sets forth at some length.