Rexford Tugwell and the New Deal

By Bernard Sternsher | Go to book overview

7. Tugwell versus Hoover:
The Twenty-Five-Year Debate

Roosevelt did not live to enjoy a retirement in which he might have answered Hoover's criticism, but others defended his actions. Tugwell not only replied to Hoover's condemnation of Roosevelt's conduct in the lame-duck interlude, but he also rebutted Hoover's charge that the New Deal delayed recovery. Tugwell, it is true, shared Hoover's desire for quicker recovery. He believed that the policies which he personally preferred would have produced a faster upturn, but he vehemently rejected Hoover's implication that a continuation of the policies of the years 1929-1933 would have revived the economy more effectively than the New Deal.

In late February, 1933, Hoover, in a letter confirming a telephone conversation, specifically blamed Tugwell for contributing to the banking crisis of that month--a crisis that Hoover considered the last phase of a decline which Roosevelt's unco-operativeness had set in motion. A reference to this letter was first published in 1934, Hoover alluded to it in 1952 in his Memoirs, and Tugwell commented on it in 1954. In his Memoirs Hoover also pronounced judgment on the New Deal. Tugwell criticized this assessment in several articles in the late 1940's and early 1950's--particularly in an article of 1953, "The Protagonists: Roosevelt and Hoover"--and in The Democratic Roosevelt in 1957.


I

On February 25, 1933, Tugwell had lunch with James H. Rand, Jr., Chairman of the Board, Remington Rand, Incorporated. Rand telephoned to the White House a summary of their conversation. Hoover repeated Rand's message in a confirming letter. References to this letter appeared in books by Hoover's secretary ( 1934), Lawrence Sullivan ( 1936), William I. Myers and Walter H. Newton ( 1936), John T. Flynn ( 1948), and Hoover himself ( 1952). Myers and Newton gave the complete text:

I beg to acknowledge your telephone message received through Mr. Joslin, as follows: "ProfessorTugwell, adviser to Franklin D. Roosevelt, had lunch with me. He said they were fully aware of the bank situation and that it would undoubtedly collapse in a few days, which would place the responsibility in the lap of President Hoover. He said, 'We should worry about anything except rehabilitating the country after March 4th. Then there would be several moves; first, an embargo on exportation of yellow chips; second, suspension of specie

-73-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Rexford Tugwell and the New Deal
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 540

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.