OF THE TRIBES OF TIERRA DEL FUEGO
AND ADJACENT TERRITORY
By JOHN M. COOPER
The present paper is intended as a practical or working guide to the sources for Fuegian and Chonoan anthropology. With this end in view, the writer has endeavored, first, to gather together, analyze, and evaluate the extant written sources; secondly, to draw up lists of references covering the various phases of anthropology; and, thirdly, to sift the available material for all evidence that might help toward clearing up obscure or debated points.
The work is divided into three parts: The Introduction, the Bibliography of Authors, and the Bibliography of Subjects.
The Introduction treats of the names, divisions, territories, and present conditions of the Fuegian and Chonoan Indians, and gives a short history of investigation with a summary of what has been accomplished and of what still remains to be done. The perplexing problem of the relations of the Alacaluf of the Strait of Magellan to the Chonos and natives of the West Patagonian Channels has called for somewhat extensive treatment.
The Author Bibliography aims to give an analysis and critical appreciation of each book and article, briefly or more at length in proportion to the importance of the work from the standpoint of the anthropologist. Nearly all second-hand works, and even most of the first-hand sources, demanded only short annotations; for, while the list of those who have written of the Fuegians and Chonos from personal observation is a comparatively long one, extending through nearly four centuries, the great majority of these explorers have had at the most merely a few hours of contact with the natives. Their descriptions arc nearly always exact, and often valuable for the more obvious phases of material culture, but in most other respects have to be used with cation.