Programme Music in the Last Four Centuries: A Contribution to the History of Musical Expression

By Frederick Niecks | Go to book overview

CHAPTER III.

FOURTH PERIOD (18TH CENTURY) CONTINUED: MUSIC TO PLAYS, PROGRAMMATIC MATTER IN ALL KINDS OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC AND MELODRAMA--SCHEIBE, AGRICOLA, ETC., GLUCK, C. PH. E. BACH, HAYDN, AND MOZART, ROUSSEAU, BENDA, ETC.

Programme music of a more serious kind than that discussed at the end of the preceding chapter we have in the music to plays--overtures and entr'actes--that began to be written in the second quarter of the 18th century. J. A. SCHEIBE ( 1708-1776) is said to have been the first to cultivate this field, writing in 1738 music to Corneille Polyeucte and Racine Mithridate. He tells us in the Kritischer Musikus (No. 67, p. 617) that the opening symphony must refer to the first act; the symphonies between the acts partly to the close of the preceding and partly to the beginning of the following act; and the concluding symphony to the last act. This double relation of the entr'actes has, however, not been generally adopted by composers. For instance, the later J. F. Agricola ( 1720-1774), in his music to Voltaire Semiramis, connects the entr'actes with the preceding act. Lessing discusses Agricola's music and the whole subject of music to plays in his Hamburgische Dramaturgie of July 28, 1767. He condemns entr'actes related to the following act because they anticipate and thereby weaken the effects of the play. Lessing's view was that in plays the orchestra takes the place of the antique chorus. This author also informs us that connoisseurs had long

-65-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Programme Music in the Last Four Centuries: A Contribution to the History of Musical Expression
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 548

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.