FIFTH PERIOD CONTINUED: THE THREE EARLY ROMANTICISTS --WEBER, SCHUBERT, AND SPOHR.
Beethoven's younger contemporary, CARL MARIA VON WEBER ( 1786-1826), plays a much more important part in the development of programme music than he is credited with. Indeed, those who have no eyes but for the obvious do not so much as dream of him as a composer of programme music. Leaving for the present the overtures out of account, only one of Weber's purely instrumental compositions--the Momento capriccioso need not be considered--bears a title hinting at a programme, namely Op. 65, Aufforderung zum Tanz (Invitation to the Dance); and not a few musicians look upon this title as a mere fancy title, attractive but meaningless. An indisputable authority, however, the composer's wife, has corrected this view. When Weber had finished the piece in 1819 (it was not published till 1821), he played it to her, and accompanied the performance with the following commentary: 'First approach of the dancer (bars 1-5); the lady's evasive reply (5-9); his pressing invitation (9-13--the short appoggiatura c and the appoggiatura a♭ are very significant); her consent (13-16); they enter into conversation--he begins (117-19), she replies (19-21), he speaks with greater warmth (21-23), she sympathetically agrees (23-25). Now for the dance! He addresses her with regard to it (25-27), her answer (27-29), they draw together (29-31), take their places, are waiting for the