FIFTH PERIOD CONTINUED: THREE PIANIST COMPOSERS--
CHOPIN, HENSELT, AND HELLER.
What is the position of the superlatively poetical and emotional CHOPIN ( 1809-1849), with regard to the subject under discussion? Not a single one of his compositions has a programme prefixed to it, or bears a title indicative of one; and a search, with a view to unrevealed programmes, among his letters and his friends' accounts of him yields but an extremely poor outcome. 'Whilst my thoughts were with her' [his love, Constantia Gladkowska], Chopin writes on October 3, 1829, 'I composed the Adagio of my Concerto' [in F minor, Op. 21]. On August 21, 1830, he writes: 'The Adagio [of the E minor Concerto, Op. 11] is in E major, and of a romantic, calm, and partly melancholy character. It is intended to convey the impression which one receives when the eye rests on a beloved landscape that calls up in one's soul beautiful memories--for instance, on a fine moonlight night.' There is only one other epistolary remark of Chopin's of this kind, and that is jocular rather than serious. Writing in 1839 to Fontana about the B flat minor Sonata, that with the Funeral March, he says of the short Finale: 'The left and the right hand unisono are gossiping after the march.' The information to be gathered elsewhere is not much more abundant. First we learn that the news of the capture of Warsaw by the Russians on September 8, 1831, inspired Chopin, then at Munich, with the Etude, Op. 10, No. 12, full of