IN DENMARK, NORWAY, SWEDEN, BOHEMIA, AND RUSSIA.
The Dane NIELS W. GADE ( 1817-1890) was the first voice from the North European nations that made itself heard in the republic of music. His Op. 1, the overture Echoes from Ossian ( 1841), gave a first taste of northern colour and atmosphere. But nationalism merely tinges Gade's compositions, and only some of them, the early ones. In fact, his countrymen blamed him for going over to Germany, for denationalizing himself. The accusation was unjust. One may be true to one's country without speaking its brogue or obtruding its peculiarities. Gade never adopted its brogue, and soon fulfilled Schumann's hope that he would not allow the artist in him to be submerged in his nationality, but would display his aurera borealis imagination in its richness and variety, and cast his eyes as well on other spheres of nature and life. Besides Op. 1, three more of Gade's overtures have titles--Op. 7, Im Hochland ('In the Highlands'), Op. 37, Hamlet, and Op. 39, Michael Angelo There are, further, five pieces for orchestra, entitled A Summer-day in the Country, ('Early,' 'Stormy,' 'Forest Solitude,' 'Humoreske,' and 'Evening, merry life of the people'), Op. 55, and pieces for the pianoforte --Aquarellen, Op. 19, Northern Tone-Pictures, Op. 4, &c.; among his less known works there is an overture entitled A Mountain Excursion in the North. On the other hand, there are eight symphonies, an overture, and other works without titles. Indeed, Gade's programmatic