Toward the White Paper
THE CRISIS of the autumn of 1929 came at a time when Jews were more nearly united than they had been in decades, or would be again for many years to come. The non-Zionist organizations newly enfolded in the Jewish Agency joined the Zionist groups in denouncing the Arab attacks and the generally pro-Arab commission report that followed them. A Palestine Emergency Fund to aid the riot victims drew enthusiastic support from American Jews known for their previous antipathy toward Zionism: Herbert Lehman, Julius Rosenwald, Felix Warburg, Adolph Ochs. Within a few months the fund raised $2,100,000. The emergency even caused a reconciliation within the Zionist Organization of America; nearly all the Brandeis supporters returned to the fold except Brandeis himself, and Judge Mack accepted a post in the administration of the man who had ousted him from its presidency, Louis Lipsky.
On the political front, Zionist protests over the commission report led the British government to send a second commission to Palestine in May, 1930. But the findings of this commission were even more unpalatable to the Zionists than those of the last. The report of the commission, made public on October 21, 1930, held that Jewish colonization had displaced many Arabs. On the same day, the British government released its second White Paper on Palestine--the Passfield White Paper--which sharply criticized the activities of the Zionist pioneers in Palestine and proposed such severe limitations on further Jewish immigration that it was virtually a nullification of the Balfour Declaration.
Commotion followed. As a tactical move, Weizmann resigned