American Council for Judaism . Anti-Zionist group, founded in 1943.
American Jewish Committee . Founded in 1906 to prevent any "infraction of the civil and religious rights of Jews, in any part of the world." Leadership drawn primarily from the German-Jewish community in the United States; Reform Judaism a common bond. Originally a non-Zionist organization, with many members strongly opposed to Zionist program; gradual development of sympathy for the idea of a Jewish state began during World War II as outgrowth of refugee crisis.
American Jewish Conference . Quasi-legislative representative assembly of American Jews, first convened in 1943 to discuss problems of postwar status of Jews and Palestine; most American Jewish groups represented, but predominant outlook was Zionist. Further sessions held through 1947.
American Jewish Congress . Originally a representative assembly summoned in 1917 by Wise, Brandeis, Lipsky, and other Zionist leaders. Reorganized in 1922 as a continuing body "to deal with all matters relating to and affecting specific Jewish interests." Strongly Zionist in orientation.
American Jewish Relief Committee . Founded during World War I to coordinate American Jewish charitable efforts in war emer-____________________