Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives

By Yok-Shiu Lee; Alvin So | Go to book overview

effectively an international one. Taiwan has imported all six nuclear reactors from U.S. vendors General Electric and Westinghouse ( Thomas 1998: 71) to balance trade. Now Taiwan plans to trade nuclear waste exports with North Korea for hard currency and food, which causes anger and fear in South Korea. The irony here is that powerful nuclear industries of technologically advanced countries, such as the U.S., make huge profits by selling nuclear reactors and fuels to Taiwan, thus passing on waste disposal problems. The result is that technologically less advanced countries, like Taiwan, North Korea, and even South Korea, are trapped in the waste disposal controversy and force each other to suffer from these undesirable products. The missing link in the whole dispute and the chain of responsibility seems to be the nuclear industries of Western industrial states. The uneasy, awkward relationships between the environmental movement organizations and activists in Taiwan, South Korea, and the U.S. in facing this controversy over Taiwan's nuclear waste export also reveal the fragility of such alliances, and of conflicts between "national sovereignty" and "global environmentalism."

Regarding the effects of global environmentalism on Taiwan's government and enterprises, as Taiwan is not a signatory to various international environmental agreements, most of the consensuses reached in these agreements have not applied to Taiwan's industries; also, Taiwan's unique political situation makes the pressure of global environmentalism less effective. The most salient example of this is that in 1990, Taiwan's government still granted permission for the production of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), which had been listed as a soonto-be-banned product in the Montreal Protocol ( Chang 1994: 289-295). Therefore, the linkage between Taiwan's environmental policy and global environmental initiatives will be a new challenge faced by Taiwan's environmental movement in the years to come.


References

Central News Agency (in Taiwan), 1995. The Chinese World Almanac. Taipei: Central News Agency.

Chan Cecilia, and Peter Hills. 1993. Limited Gains: Grassroots Mobilization and the Environment in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Chang Chin-Shi. 1994. "Greenhouse Effects, Ozone Layer, and Taiwan's Petrochemical Industries". (In Chinese.) In Environmental Protection and IndustrialPolicies

-52-

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Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • References 26
  • Country Case Studies 29
  • 2 - Environmental Movements in Taiwan 31
  • References 52
  • 3 - Environmental Movements in Hong Kong 55
  • References 87
  • 4 - Environmental Movements in South Korea 90
  • References 118
  • 5 - Environmental Movements in Thailand 120
  • References 141
  • 6 - Environmental Movements in the Philippines 143
  • References 173
  • Comparative Analyses 177
  • 7 - Grassroots Environmentalism in the United States: Implications for Asia's Environmental Movements 179
  • References 208
  • 8 - Culture and Asian Styles of Environmental Movements 210
  • References 228
  • 9 - The Impact of Democratization on Environmental Movements 230
  • References 251
  • 10 - The Making of Anti-Nuclear Movements in East Asia: State-Movements Relationships and Policy Outcomes 252
  • References 267
  • 11 - The Contradictions and Synergy of Environmental Movements and Business Interests 269
  • References 285
  • 12 - Conclusion 287
  • References 307
  • Contributors 309
  • Index 311
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