Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives

By Yok-Shiu Lee; Alvin So | Go to book overview

In his discussion of the economic crisis in Thailand, Bello ( 1998: 10-11) sadly conjures to the following environmental nightmare:

According to government statistics, only 17 percent of the country's land area remains covered by forest, and this is probably an overestimation. The great Chao Phraya River that runs through Bangkok is biologically dead to its lower reaches. Only 50,000 of the 3.5 million metric tons of hazardous waste produced in the country each year are treated, the rest being disposed of in ways that gravely threaten public health, like being dumped in shallow underground pits where seepage can contaminate aquifers. So unhealthy is Bangkok's air that, a few years ago, a University of Hawaii team measuring air pollution reportedly refused to return to the city.

However, as Thai's environmental conditions worsen, the environmental struggles against deforestation, dam construction, community lands, fishing rights, and air and water pollution will intensify. The rural poor will fight for local control and subsistence security, Bangkok residents will fight for clean air and water, and they will be backed by a wide variety of groups -- students, intellectuals, and NG0s -- who share a similar environmental agenda. As such, it seems that, as the country embarks into the twenty-first century, the grassroots environmental movements from below could be empowered and revived in Thailand.


References

Bell David. 1997. "A Review of Interpreting Development: Capitalism, Democracy, and the Middle Class in Thailand". Crossroads 11: 135-138

Bello Walden. 1998. "The End of a 'Miracle': Speculation, Foreign Capital Dependence and the Collapse of the Southeast Asian Economics". Multinational Monitor 19 ( 1-2): 1-11.

Business in Thailand. Various issues.

Chodchoy Khunying. 1997. "Industrialization and Environmental Preservation". Business in Thailand 28: 28-32.

Heinze Ruth-Inge. 1974. "Ten Days in October -- Students versus the Military: An Account of the Student Uprisings in Thailand". Asian Survey 14: 491-508.

Hirsch Philip. 1994. "Where Are the Roots of Thai Environmentalism?" TEI Quarterly Environment Journal 2 ( 2): 5-15.

Hirsch Philip, and Larry Lohmann. 1989. "The Contemporary Politics of Environment in Thailand". Asian Survey 29: 439-451.

Karunan Victor P. 1995. "Introduction." In Thai NGOs, edited by Jaturong Boonyarattanasoontom and Gawin Chutima, p. 408. Bangkok: NGO Support Project.

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Asia's Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • References 26
  • Country Case Studies 29
  • 2 - Environmental Movements in Taiwan 31
  • References 52
  • 3 - Environmental Movements in Hong Kong 55
  • References 87
  • 4 - Environmental Movements in South Korea 90
  • References 118
  • 5 - Environmental Movements in Thailand 120
  • References 141
  • 6 - Environmental Movements in the Philippines 143
  • References 173
  • Comparative Analyses 177
  • 7 - Grassroots Environmentalism in the United States: Implications for Asia's Environmental Movements 179
  • References 208
  • 8 - Culture and Asian Styles of Environmental Movements 210
  • References 228
  • 9 - The Impact of Democratization on Environmental Movements 230
  • References 251
  • 10 - The Making of Anti-Nuclear Movements in East Asia: State-Movements Relationships and Policy Outcomes 252
  • References 267
  • 11 - The Contradictions and Synergy of Environmental Movements and Business Interests 269
  • References 285
  • 12 - Conclusion 287
  • References 307
  • Contributors 309
  • Index 311
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 319

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.